# Archimedes - 4

By Alex Christopher

Archimedes was a mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor and astronomer in ancient Greece. He was born in 287 BC and lived until 212 BC in Syracuse, Sicily where he lived his whole life, except for when he went to school. Archimedes father was an astronomer and the family was related to the king of Syracuse. His family had money so they were able to afford to send him to school. When he became a teenager, he studied in Alexandria, Egypt in school that was run by students of Euclid. Euclid was known as the father of geometry which helped Archimedes learn about how to calculate angles for his inventions. There is not a lot of information about Archimedes personal life, like whether he was married or had children. He was killed during the battle of Syracuse when the Romans invaded. Even though there were orders to not kill Archimedes, he was killed by a soldier who didn’t know him. Archimedes made a lot of contributions and is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all times. He invented machines to protect Syracuse, pulley systems, the Archimedean screw, the planetariums and Archimedes mirror. The Archimedes mirror is also called the Death Ray and is supposed to have caught passing Roman ships on fire during the war and was one of the projects on Mythbusters. He was important because he invented a system of how to measure the volume and density of an object with irregular shapes, especially the sphere. This was important in helping the king find out if his gold crown was real or not. Archimedes was in the bathtub and noticed that his body changed how much water was in the tub based on his body size. This is called the Archimedes Principle. He also mathematically explained how levers work. Archimedes is considered the father of integral calculus and mathematical physics. He also calculated a better definition of pi....

References: "Archimedes." Archimedes. Web. 24 May 2012. <http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Archimedes/>.

"Archimedes." Archimedes. Web. 24 May 2012. <http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b2archimedes_p1ab.htm>.

"Archimedes: Early Years and Mathematics." By Ron Kurtus. Web. 24 May 2012. <http://www.school-for-champions.com/biographies/archimedes.htm>.

"Archimedes Home Page." Archimedes Home Page. Web. 24 May 2012. <https://www.cs.drexel.edu/~crorres/Archimedes/contents.html>.

"Archimedes of Syracuse (ca. 287-ca. 212 BC) -- from Eric Weisstein 's World of Scientific Biography." Archimedes of Syracuse (ca. 287-ca. 212 BC) -- from Eric Weisstein 's World of Scientific Biography. Web. 24 May 2012. <http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Archimedes.html>.

"Archimedes." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 May 2012. Web. 24 May 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archimedes>.

Please join StudyMode to read the full document