Arab Spring

Topics: Middle East, Egypt, Israel Pages: 5 (1844 words) Published: February 23, 2014

Will they ever find Democracy?
Dating back to before the Israeli-Palestinian conflict even began, in the 1960s, the Arab world was extremely corrupt and struggled to claim its independence from European forces. Currently, an estimate of about only a quarter of the citizens are educated, and in the past, the people never had the option of providing an input in any of the decisions proposed by the Arab governed countries. Theoretically, after many, many years of dealing with: uneven distribution of money, low quantity of food, high unemployment rate, and unreasonably high product prices, the citizens began to protest against their government’s selfish ways ,and then later moved on to revolt completely causing the Arab spring risings of 2011. Today, the year of 2014 is soon to arrive and the Arab countries are far off from achieving their goals of establishing a democracy causing many people to conclude that the war is over and the selfish governments have won. Though it may seem that the Arab countries have failed to succeed in establishing a democracy, the people’s path to success remains an ongoing journey that has yet to prevail. The majority of the Middle East came together as a result of colonialism and political upheaval. Its main origins are actually traced back to the “disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War 1” since the Ottoman Empire had claimed much of the Arab countries at the time (Vaughan 491). The Middle Eastern nations began to actually achieve their independence though “in the wake of World War II”, which then led to a “Cold War period dominated by Arab Socialism” (491). However, those structures founded during the time of Arab Socialism were quickly swept away as a result of the 2011 political unrest, which leads to the conclusion that the “2011 Arab Uprisings” did not really begin in the year of 2011, but rather are a continuation of the past fights for freedom. In simpler words, this means that the revolutions occurring within the Middle East that are just being recognized now have actually been going on for over fifty years. However, now their methods are more advanced, and their ambition to achieve their means has increased. In all of the Arab countries, protests “took the form of sustained campaigns involving thousands of ordinary citizens using the same technique of civil resistance: strikes, demonstrations, marches and rallies” (Eldin & Salih 184). In addition to the process of using protests to revolt, social media was used to “organize, communicate, raise awareness, and issue danger alerts among the thousands of protestors in the face of state attempts at repression, internet censorship, crowd control, and even physical attack to the point of protestors being beaten or shot point blank” (Eldin & Salih 184). For the most part, social media played the biggest role in successfully constructing all of the strikes and marches, which highlights the new and enlightened way of thinking that is occurring within the Middle East. They used the power of Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and all the other social media websites, that the average person posts on, to their own advantage and help them quickly spread across their messages (J.Ismael & S. Ismael 234). Now, by definition, the Arab Spring is the “popular rejection of the uncivil Arab state”, and it represents the “historically-discontinuous and colonially-imposed oppressive state apparatus on the Arab world” (229). The overall mission of the uprisings were for the people to take down the existing government and construct a new democratic one. The spring of 2011 brought about more protest, more destruction, and more movement for democratic change in the Arab world than ever and for the first time, due to the power of social media, grew recognition from all over the world. The movements began in Tunisia and influenced other countries within the Middle East to propose the similar acts such as: Egypt, Libya, and Syria,...

Bibliography: 1 Ismael, Jaqueline S., and Shereen T. Ismael. "Arab Studies Quarterly." The Arab
Spring and the Uncivil State 35.3 (2013): 229-30
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2. Salih, Osman, and Kamal Eldin. "Arab Studies Quarterly." The Roots and Causes of the 2011
Arab Uprisings 35.2 (2013): 185
3. Spyer, Jonathan. “MERIA Journal.” Syrian Regime Strategy and the Syrian Civil War 16.3
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4. Vaughan, Josh. "Arbitration in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: From Uprising to Awards."
Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 28.2 (2013): 491-495
5. Zisser, Eyal. “Middle East Quarterly” Can Assad’s Syria Survive Revolution? 20.2 (Spring 2013):
1
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