| Summary | |
Aquaculture in the Philippines has a long history and involves many species and farming practices in diverse ecosystems. Most of the production comes from the farming of seaweed, milkfish, tilapia, shrimp, carp, oyster and mussel. Aquaculture contributes significantly to the country's food security, employment and foreign exchange earnings. Aquaculture is growing much faster than capture fisheries. However, the global position of the Philippines in aquaculture production has fallen steadily from 4th place in 1985 to 12th place today. The Philippines now contributes only a little over one percent of global farmed fish production compared to five percent previously.
The future growth of Philippine aquaculture may not be sustained unless new markets are developed, market competitiveness is strengthened and farming risks are reduced. In this age of international trade and competition, the Philippine aquaculture industry needs to plan and implement a development and management programme with a global perspective. The Philippine government and the private sector are in the process of preparing a national fisheries development plan which includes aquaculture. | History and general overview | |
Aquaculture in the Philippines has a long history and involves many species and culture systems.
It is generally accepted that the earliest fishponds were brackish water growing milkfish, using naturally occurring fry from tidal waters. For a very long time, aquaculture in the Philippines was virtually synonymous with milkfish culture, specifically in brackish water ponds, relying totally on natural food. In the early 1970s milkfish farming expanded to include culture in bamboo and net pens set in Laguna de Bay - the country's largest freshwater lake. In the early 1990s milkfish culture in fish pens spread to shallow marine bays and estuaries, particularly in the Lingayen Gulf area. Milkfish