CENTER FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT AN COMMERCE
UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE
STRATEGIES OF RURAL SOCIAL STRUCTURES
Aquaculture as a livelihood strategy, the case of Binfield Communities in the Eastern Cape Province.
Background and Problem Statement
The study is based on the practice of aquaculture as an agrarian enterprise that is aimed to enhance diversification of livelihood strategies. The paper begins by an argument that there are various livelihood strategies that are activated in the rural with reference to South Africa and aquaculture is one that has potential for positive spin offs yet its least developed. Secondly the paper argues, that those communities that make direct interventions to diversification of livelihood strategies create greater scope for improvement in are of household security against elements such as food shortage. The theory guiding the paper is that the Asset Based Approaches to development, which presupposes that there are communities that have social assets that can be harnessed and these can be activated for development. This is linked to the idea of comparative advantage which communities inherently possess and these can be stimulants for development.
The context of the study are Binfield Communities, in the Nkonkobe Local Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province. The Binfield Communities refers to those villages that are located in the area of the watermass called the Binfield Dam. The research question is; Does the Binfield Communities take advantage of dam to practice aquaculture as a livelihood strategy? BRIEF OF THE STUDY
The literature review adapted from situations in Namibia, Kenya and Malawi has presented reasonable data and information that shows that aquaculture fish farming can be a critical livelihood...
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