AP US HISTORY FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Joseph Smith-reported to being visited by an angel and given golden plates in 1840; the plates, when deciphered, brought about the Church of Latter Day Saints and the Book of Mormon; he ran into opposition from Ohio, Illinois, and Missouri when he attempted to spread the Mormon beliefs; he was killed by those who opposed him. John Winthrop (12 January 1587/8 - 26 March 1649)- led a group of English Puritans to the New World, joined the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629 and was elected their governor on April 8, 1630. Between 1639 and 1648 he was voted out of governorship and re-elected a total of 12 times Maryland Toleration Act-Act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians, regardless of sect but not to those who did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Though it did not sanction much tolerance, the act was the first seed that would sprout into the first amendment, granting religious freedom to all. King Philip's War1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanoags, led by Metacomet, a chief also known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion. Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion1676- VA frontiersmen seeking land clashed with Native Americans; Frontiersmen demanded help from the government; Jamestown refused aid, fearing Native American War; Bacon and his men lived on frontier; Bacon & men stormed Jamestown; Bacon died of fever; Rebellion collapsed; Colonial rebellion against government authority; Clash between east/west, rich/poor; Tidewater's discrimination against frontiersmen; Revision of indentured servant system, greater reliance on slave labor Enlightenment - Age of Reason - rationalism over superstition - Scientific Revolution established Natural Laws - Political theorists tried to define the 'natural laws' of politics and human interaction Poor Richard's Almanack, first published 1732- Written by Benjamin Franklin, it was filled with witty, insightful, and funny bits of observation and common sense advice (the saying, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise," first appeared in this almanac). It was the most popular almanac in the colonies. Jonathon Edwards-He was an American theologian and Congregational clergyman, whose sermons stirred the religious revival, called the Great Awakening. He is known for his " Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God " sermon Seven Years' War (1756) Fought between France and England, in North America, Europe, West Indies, Philippines, Africa, and on the Ocean. Officially declared in 1756 Albany Congress In response to French threat on their western frontiers, delegates from 7 colonies gathered to discuss 2 goals: 1) to persuade Iroquois to abandon traditional neutrality and 2) to coordinate defenses of colonies Treaty of Paris (1763) • The 1763 Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years War in Europe and the parallel French and Indian War in North America. Under the treaty, Britain won all of Canada and almost all of the modern United States east of the Mississippi. Stamp Act Congress, 1765 Attempted to unite all the colonies against a common enemy (the Stamp Act/Britain), but only achieved having 9 colonies attend. Boston Massacre-Several colonists began to throw rocks and snowballs at the British troops in Boston. The soldiers fired, leaving five colonists dead. The victims were seen as martyrs and the events of the incident were exaggerated for propaganda purposes. Boston Tea Party1773, After Parliament passed the Tea Act (made tea cheaper by allowing the East India company to sell directly to the colonists) colonists became upset. They said it gave East India Company a monopoly and reaffirmed that Britain could tax. Colonists (under the direction of the Sons of Liberty) boarded tea ships in the Boston harbor and threw 45 tons of tea overboard. This resulted in the intolerable acts by Great Britain Pontiac's Rebellion during the French and Indian War Chief Pontiac gathered up Native American groups and captured British posts, primitive use of biological warfare on blankets, weakened Indian alliance and British won, Indians came to a peace agreement and British took control of the land. Proclamation of 1763- Decree issued by Parliament in the wake of Pontiac's Rebellion. Prohibited settlement beyond the Appalachians.Contributed to rising resentment of British rule in the American colonies. Intolerable Acts (1774) Series of punitive measures passed in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party. Closing the Port of Boston. Revoking a number of rights in the Massachusetts colonial charter. Expanding the Quartering Act. Committees of Correspondence-These started as groups of private citizens in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York who, in 1763, began circulating information about opposition to British trade measures. The first government-organized committee appeared in Massachusetts in 1764. Other colonies created their own committtees in order to exchange information and organize protests to British trade regulations. The Committees became particularly active following the Gaspee Incident The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
Battle of Yorktown- A decisive victory by combined assault of American forces led by General George Washington and French forces led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis. It proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in North America, as the surrender of Cornwallis's army prompted the British government eventually to negotiate an end to the conflict.
Creek War, (1813–14), war that resulted in U.S. victory over Creek Indians, who were British allies during the War of 1812, resulting in vast cession of their lands in Alabama and Georgia. The Shawnee leader Tecumseh, who expected British help in recovering hunting grounds lost to settlers, travelled to the south to warn of dangers to native cultures posed by whites
factory system was a method of manufacturing first adopted in England at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the 1750s and later spread abroad. This system replaced the putting-out system. The main characteristic of the factory system was the use of machinery, usually powered by water or steam. Other characteristics of the system mostly derive from the use of machinery or economies of scale.
Immigrants in 1840s- mostly came from Ireland. Immigrants were hated.
Oregon Question -(Russia, England, Spain, & USA all claim Oregon. BUT Usa have the most people already living there.)