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Apush Notes
APUSH - Cornwell
FEB 16-24, 2011

1. INDUSTRIAL AMERICA in the LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY • Corporate consolidation of industry • Effects of technological development on the worker and workplace • Labor and unions • National politics and influence of corporate power • Migration and immigration: changing face of the nation • Proponents and opponents of the new order (e.g. “Social Darwinism and Social Gospel”)

AMSCO pp. 333-347 (CH 17)
EV pp. 543-573 (CH 18)

ESSENTIAL QUESTION (S):

INDUSTRY
AMSCO
To what extent is it justified to characterize the industrial leaders of the 1865-1900 era as either “robber barons” or “captains of industry”?

2001 FRQ #4
How and why did transportation developments spark economic growth during the period from 1860 to 1900 in the United States?

LABOR
1998 FRQ #3
Analyze the impact of any TWO of the following on the American industrial worker between 1865 and 1900. • Government actions • Immigration • Labor Unions • Technological changes

2000 DBQ
How successful was organized labor in improving the position of workers in the period from 1875 to 1900? Analyze the factors that contributed to the level of success achieved. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period from 1875 to 1900 to construct your response.

2009 FRQ #4
Choose TWO of the following organizations and explain their strategies for advancing the interests of workers. To what extent were these organizations successful in achieving their objectives? Confine your answer to the period from 1875 to 1925. • Knights of Labor • American Federation of Labor • Socialist Party of America • Industrial Workers of the World

IMMIGRATION
2005 FRQ #4
Describe the patterns of immigration in TWO of the periods listed below. Compare and contrast the responses of Americans to immigrants in these periods. • 1820 to 1860 • 1880 to 1924 • 1965 to 2000

2009 FRQ #4
Choose TWO of the following organizations and explain their strategies for advancing the interests of workers. To what extent were these organizations successful in achieving their objectives? Confine your answer to the period from 1875 to 1925. • Knights of Labor • American Federation of Labor • Socialist Party of America • Industrial Workers of the World

-Key terms:

|Jay Gould |Sherman Anti-Trust Act, 1890 |Eugene V. Debs |
|Cornelius Vanderbilt |United States v. E. C. Knight Co. (1895) |Panic of 1893 |
|Transcontinental RR |Thomas A. Edison |William Graham Sumner |
|Union & Central Pacific RR |William H. Sylvis and the National Labor Union |Horatio Alger “rags to riches” |
|Interstate Commerce Act |Terence V. Powderly and the Knights of Labor |Conservative Social Darwinism |
|Interstate Commerce Commission, 1887 |Samuel Gompers |Lester Frank Ward |
|J. Pierpont Morgan |American Federation of Labor |Henry George, Progress and Poverty |
|Laissez-faire capitalism |Railroad strikes of 1877 |Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward |
|Gospel of Wealth |Haymarket Square bombing, 1886 |Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882 |
|Andrew Carnegie |Homestead strike, 1892 |Thomas Edison |
|U.S. Steel |Pullman strike, 1894 |George Westinghouse |
|Bessemer Process | |Sears and Roebuck |
|Vertical integration | |Montgomery Ward |
|Horizontal consolidation | | |
|John D. Rockefeller & Standard Oil | | |
|Robber Barons | | |
|Captains of Industry | | |
|Industrial Statesmen | | |

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