Conquistador- one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Aztec Moctezuma- was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico
Treaty of Tordesilas- signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid province, Spain), 7 June 1494, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Crown of Portugal and Crown of Castile(Spain)
Iroquois Confederacy- A Native American confederacy inhabiting New York State and originally composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples, known as the Five Nations. After 1722 the confederacy was joined by the Tuscaroras to form the Six Nations. Also called Iroquois League
Pope’s rebellion- took place in the late 17th century in what was at the time, the Spanish Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, California...). The Spanish, continuing to search for precious metals to send back to Spain, used/enslaved the native peoples (in this case, the Pueblos in today's New Mexico area).
Spanish Armada- the Spanish fleet that sailed against England under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia in 1588, with the intention of overthrowing Elizabeth I of England and putting an end to her involvement in the Spanish Netherlands and in privateering in the Atlantic and Pacific.
Joint stock company- is a business entity which is owned by shareholders. Each shareholder owns the portion of the company in proportion to his or her ownership of the company's shares (certificates of ownership)
Virginia Company charter- refers collectively to a pair of English joint stock companies chartered by James I on 10 April 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.
John Smith- He was a leader of the Virginia