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During the era between late 19th century and early 1900s, the population and economy rapidly grew in the United States. Dubbed the “Gilded Age” by Mark Twain, this period was a time for prosperity, improvement and discovery. Of those who benefitted, western farmers and factory laborers excelled through the discoveries and improvement occurring at this time.
The post Civil War era demonstrate radically positive effects for western farmers. Numerous advancements occurred in agricultural technology, transportation and developments of better quality planting. An advanced plow with a chilled (process of surface-hardening a metal by instant cooling) steel moldboard was created in 1868 by James Oliver. Sometime later, it became possible for two
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Horses became increasingly rare after 1900 as they were replaced with the development of steam tractor in 1902. Gasoline and diesel tractors also emerged. Along with new agricultural tools came novel transportation machines. Haulage of produce was drastically expedited when Gottlieb Daimler built the first motor truck in 1896. Farmers obtained a new source of power when electric lines were extended to rustic areas and gave rise to automatic milking machines, electrically driven pumps for drawing water from wells, and refrigerated storage facilities. Through this increased use of machinery it became capable for farmers to produce enough goods to feed the nation’s enlarging population and their trade expanded overseas. Agricultural workers did not benefit from the Rising Age without outside help; scientists aided framers to amplify and excel production. Through federal financial aid, Scientists were able to develop: better seeds and hardier plants, manufacturing uses for farm produce, elite breeds of livestock and effective methods of fighting off crop diseases. Luther Burbank formed the Burbank potato (early 1870s), improved the varieties of produce and …show more content…
Primarily, the first important national labor union, the Knights of Labor, was founded in 1869 by Uriah S. Stephens. This, along with many other unions such as the American Federation of Labor (organized in 1881), sought to improve the harsh working environment. These unions most commonly pushed for 8 hour work days, equal pay for men and women, abolition of child labor, government regulation of trusts, a graduated income tax etc. for both skilled and unskilled laborers. Additionally, the amount of working women rose drastically during this expanding age. Between 1880 and 1900, the number of women laborers rose from 2.6 to 8.6 million. This helped many families climb out of poverty through additional income. Thomas Edison, who invented the first commercially incandescent lamp in 1879, aided workers drastically by making it capable for them to see easily as they worked and made their working experience more expedient with no need of refills on oil. When Frank J. Sprague developed the first successful DC motor in 1886 and adapted it to power street railways, transportation was significantly more convenient for laborers; workers could go more places at a faster rate. Lastly, when electrification was made public in the mid 1880s, it provided a way for an assembly line to be created in which each workers job was made easier; the worker, instead of having to learn and meticulously create

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