UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
UNITED STATES HISTORY
(Suggested writing time-45 minutes)
Percent of Section I1 score-45
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of
Documents A-I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period.
1. What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World War?
How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address these fears?
Use the documents and your knowledge of the years 1948-1961 to construct your response.
Source: Dwight Eisenhower, press conference, March 1954.
There is too much hysteria. You know, the world is suffering from a multiplicity of fears. We fear the men in the Kremlin, we fear what they will do to our friends around them; we are fearing what unwise investigators will do to us here at home as they try to combat subversion or bribery or deceit within. We fear depression; we fear the loss of jobs. All of these, with their impact on the human mind, makes us act almost hysterically, and you find the hysterical reactions. Document B
Source: John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, June 1954.
If world communism captures any American State, however small, a new and perilous front is established which will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people.
This situation in Guatemala had become so dangerous that the American States could not ignore it. At Caracas last March, the American States held their Tenth Inter-American
Conference. They then adopted a momentous statement. They declared that "the domination or control of the political institutions of any American State by the international