When first founded, The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of their English heritage and their mission to survive in the new world in which they had landed. Throughout the 1600’s the immigrants of the two regions longed for a new and better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and political tyranny. Although their initial goals were the same, the two regions evolved into two very different and unique societies by the 1700’s based off of their social development, political systems, and economies.
Despite their similar heritage, the social development of the two societies went in two very different directions. The New England colonies formed their colonies to escape the religious persecution they were facing back in England and hoped to form a “new” England that was centered on their religious, Puritan, beliefs and morals while focusing on family. John Porter’s “List of Emigrants Bound for New England” on March 20th, 1635, provides a very good example of the people who were heading to the New England colonies. Religious leaders and their large families, skilled workers, like tailors, and their families, and simple religious and family oriented men were the average types of people who were settling New England. These people were hard working and focused on family and the wellbeing of their communities as a whole, not just themselves. John Winthrop believed that the new societies must be “…knit together… [and] work as one man…” He believed that everyone in the society had a God given obligation to treat the whole community as one and serve God above all else. In these close-knit communities, there was little concern of class and social status and more on education, religion, and even physical activities. Without the concern of gaining large profits and gaining power, the Puritan societies focused on their children’s education and their religious obligations. The New England emigrants were also fairly even in...
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