Chapter 17 Terms
Ten Percent Plan- When the number of Confederates reached 10 percent of the number who had voted in the 1860 election, this group could establish a legitimate state government. Focused on acceptance by the reconstructed governments of the abolition of slavery.
Radical Republicans- Advocated not only equal rights for the freed-men but a tougher stance toward the white south.
Wade-Davis Bill- Required 50 percent of a seceding states white male citizens to take a loyalty oath before elections could be held for a convention to rewrite the states constitution. Also guaranteed equality before the law for former slaves.
Forty Acres and a Mule- Each family would receive forty acres of land and the loan of mules …show more content…
Powerful in nearly every southern state. It acted as a guerilla military force in the service of the Democratic Party, the planer class and all those who sought the restoration of white supremacy.
Civil Rights Act of 1875- outlawed racial discrimination in theaters, hotels, railroads, and other public places. Enforcement of laws required African Americans to take their cases to the federal courts, a costly and time consuming procedure. Also issues on Constitutionality- court declared this act as unconstitutional, holding that the fourteenth amendment gave congress the power to outlaw discrimination by states, but not by private individuals.
Transcontinental Railroad- the railroad business symbolized and advanced the new industrial order. Private companies took on huge and expensive job of construction, but the federal government funded the project, providing the largest subsidy in American history.
Chinese Exclusion Act- after thousands of Chinese were immigrated to the US to do tedious jobs and entered California, the Chinese exclusion act suspended any further Chinese immigration for ten