APUSH Ch 27 Questions

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., Lyndon B. Johnson, Democratic Party Pages: 1 (514 words) Published: April 16, 2015
The stimulus of the black civil rights movement, other major social reform movements of the era, positive signals from Washington D.C. in the form of legislation, and the change-of-life experiences by middle-aged women like Betty Friedan who wrote the Feminine Mystique, the bible of the feminist movement. White resistance in the south at the local and state level to integration presented a formidable obstacle to applying the legal tenets of civil rights legislation. Local whites lobbied Congress, formed official white citizen’s councils, and also utilized violence through the KKK to stop implementation of civil rights legislation. Enforcing civil rights was also a judicial and executive function that presidents and southern judges were responsible for. Political concerns often derailed presidential enforcement of civil rights. Although the civil rights movement was in disarray by the late 1960s, minority group protests over the next decade continued to win social and economic gains. Affirmative action, which had expanded opportunities for African Americans and Latinos, also proved divisive. Threatened by court-ordered busing, many white parents transferred their children to private schools, resulting in “white flight” that increased racial imbalance, while many black parents who opposed busing called instead for better schools in predominantly black neighborhoods. Ironically, the war in Vietnam was begun as an expression of the liberals’ faith in the nation’s economic and political strength. Vietnam destroyed the Great Society. The fabric of the Great Society was ripping apart. New demands and dissatisfactions could not be settled by the new liberalism. 1968 was a pivotal year. In the end Johnson’s fortunes were destroyed and the Democratic Party and liberalism almost destroyed. The civil rights movement benefited from and encouraged the liberal agenda of the 1960s. Government officials and President Johnson allied themselves and their power with the movement....
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