Chapter 10: A Democratic Revolution, 1820-1844
Section 1: The Rise of Popular Politics, 1820-1828
Was there a necessary connection between the growth of democracy and the emergence of political parties? Explain your answer.
The connection among the growth of a Democracy and the Political Parties was that the emergence of political parties shaped the growth of Democracy by encouraging party competition, public debate over key issues impacting the nation, and general interest by white male voters in the election process. Under the smart management of Van Buren, the Democratic Party political organization emerged. It stood for liberty and equality, and supported the cause of every man. The rise of parties increased voters. Parties now reached out to voters through an active system of employment. The explosion of political parties allowed for diverse voting choice, leading to a more democratic political process. How do you explain John Quincy Adams’s great success as secretary of state and his relative lack of success as president?
As secretary of state, Adams’s conservative values and rigid morals were adjust with that earlier era without prejudices of politics. He achieved great diplomatic successes, such as acquiring Florida from the Spanish through the Adams-Onis Treaty. As president, Adams’s political style was out of date because the way he thought was different from it’s current time. He ignored his lack of popularity and the hostility of many others in power, and supported Indian land rights and the Tariff of Abomination (1828). The most far-reaching battle of the Adams administration during his presidency came over tariffs, like Tariff of 1824 that protected industrialists in New England and Pennsylvania against imports of more expensive woolen, cotton textiles, and iron goods.
Section 2: The Jacksonian Presidency, 1829-1837
What were Andrew Jackson’s policies on banking and tariffs? Did they help or hurt the American economy? Why?
Andrew Jackson wanted to put an end tot eh banks because he believed that it concentrated the nation’s financial strength in an individual body, visible for the government to control by foreign interests, served mainly to make the rich wealthier, implemented too much control over allies of Congress, and preferred Northeastern states over Southern and Western states. His refusal to renew the charter of the charter of the Bank led to a huge financial crisis in the American Economy. Furthermore, the Jackson era gave growth to an innovative Democratic political revolution, with an expansion of the Franchise that weakened the political system run by public figures of high status. Party politics increased the growth of Democracy and skilled politicians, mostly of Middle class origins, now ran the modern political parties. Jackson also pulled to pieces the political base of the mercantilist system, the American System of national advances through state support, and the Commonwealth system of government charters and supports to private businesses. His decentralized economic policies evolved over time in response to state and private attempts, such as South Carolina’s Nullification Ordinance and the re-chartering of the Second Bank of the United States, to create high tariffs and central banks. Additionally, Jackson’s dispersed economic policies hurt the American economy because they destroyed the American System of protective tariffs and inner developments causing a profound drop in the economic activities and energy of the federal government. Compare and contrast the views of Jackson and John Marshall with respect to the status and rights of Indian peoples.
Andrew Jackson’s views were very much against the Indians. He supported the Indian removal because of racist and constitutional reasons, and he believed it was the racial destiny of Americans to posses the land of the Indian people. Jackson also believed that the national government was constitutionally entitled to remove the...
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