Topics: Thirteen Colonies, Massachusetts Bay Colony, British Empire Pages: 5 (1659 words) Published: April 24, 2014
1. Mayflower Compact - 1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America - Set up Plymouth colony.                                                            2. The Pilgrims - Separatists who believed that the Church of England could not be reformed–Plymouth colony                            3. The Puritans - Non-separatists – Wanted to purify the Church of England - Massachusetts Bay Colony 4. William Bradford - A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657.                              5. Puritan Migration - Many Puritans emigrated from England to America in the 1630s and 1640s.                  6. Church of England (Anglican Church) - The national church of England, founded by King Henry VIII      7. John Winthrop - First governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony – “City Upon a Hill”                                   8. Calvinism - Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Emphasized a strong moral code - Predestination           9. Congregational Church - Founded by separatists who felt that the Church of England retained too many Roman Catholic beliefs and practices. The Pilgrims were members of the Congregational Church.                  10. Puritan Colonies - Each town had its own government which led the people in strict accordance with Puritan beliefs                                                                                                                                                                          11. Anne Hutchinson, Antinomianism - She preached the idea that God communicated directly to individuals instead of through the church elders. Her followers (the Antinomianists) founded the colony of New Hampshire 12. Roger Williams - Founded the colony of Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the only colony at that time to offer complete religious freedom. 13. The Half-way Covenant - Applied to those members of the Puritan colonies who were the children of church members, but who hadn’t achieved grace themselves.                                                                               14. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut - Set up a unified government for the towns of the Connecticut area First constitution written in America.                                                                                                                     15. King Philip’s War - 1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks           16. Dominion of New England - 1686 - The British government combined Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Sir Edmond Andros).            17.  Joint stock company - A company made up of a group of shareholders-Used by England to settle Virginia                                        18. Virginia - Formed by the Virginia Company as a profit-earning venture. Starvation was the major problem; about 90% of the colonists died the first year, many of the survivors left                                                            19. Headright System - Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America.                                                                                      20. John Smith - Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.                                                                                                                 21. John Rolf -  He discovered how to grow tobacco in Virginia – Made it an economically, successful colony.          22. Slavery Begins - 1619 - The first African slaves in America arrive in the Virginia colony.                          23. House of Burgesses - 1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses - The first legislative body in...
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