DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs. New England Colonies
The English had no desire to colonize the new world prior to defeating the Spanish Armada. However, once they defeated the Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the English became the rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in England. The English had tried desperately to colonize the new world, failing two times before succeeding in Jamestown, Virginia, one of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most colonies such as Massachusetts were known as the New England colonies. Although both regions were settled by English people by the 1700s the regions developed into two distinct societies. The New England colonies were settled by families that sought to flee persecution and desired religious tolerance and unity. In stark contrast, the Chesapeake Colonies were primarily founded to gain riches and thus, a society based on greed that was highly dysfunctional.
John Winthrop, the governor of Massachusetts believed it was his calling to lead the people of Massachusetts and build the city as a prime example for all humankind. In his writing he states “…we must be knit together in this work as one man.” (Document A). This signifies unity of the people of Massachusetts. They had intentions to establish a religious, peaceful and helpful society. The Ship’s List of Emigrants bound for New England is compiled of mainly families (document B). The New England colonists were also in pursuit of equality as exemplified by the Articles of Agreement of Springfield, Massachusetts. In the Agreement they clearly outline their intent to allow both rich and poor families to compose the town and that every inhabitant will receive a house lot and a share of the planting ground. Also, in Connecticut the colonists regulated the standard for pay and urged laborers and tradesmen to consider their neighbors, seeing as though they do not enrich themselves while impoverishing their neighbors....
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