Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
A Systematic Process to Change My Niece Learning Behavior towards English Spelling PSY255 Principles of Learning
(TMA02 - July 2009 Presentation)
25th August 2009
This report is about helping my 5 years old niece who failed her English spelling once and now she develops learning difficulty for her weekly English spelling on every Wednesday. She does not have the same issue with her Chinese spelling. Therefore, I will be using Applied Behavior Analysis to help change her behavior towards English spelling and achieve back her good grades or beyond. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a process to apply principles of behaviorism through a more systematic path. It has many successful stories in helping people to increase in learning social skills, get over fear or panic, and stop bad habits like smoking or drinking alcohol. It is commonly used by teachers in classroom environment to help students change their own behavior. There are basically five critical steps in ABA, firstly identify the target behaviors, second established a baseline for the target behaviors, third choose a reinforcers and a punishers or a combination of both, fourth measure changes in the target behaviors, and at last gradually reduce the frequency of reinforcers as the behavior improves (Eggen & Kauchak, 2007, p.175). In order to help my niece improve on her English spelling, first I will need to identify the target behavior. Her baseline for her average English spelling marks achieved currently was 0/5, while initially she could at least get 4/5. Therefore, my final target is to help her achieved 4/5 or a full marks for her English spelling. It might also be good to let her start out with realistic small achievable goals over a 5 weeks period. On week 1, she can try to break her egg and get at least 1/5 and subsequently increase 1 mark each week until she feels confident and score full marks. Gradually, I will hope to see that she will...
References: Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D., (2007). Educational Psychology: Window on Classrooms. United States of America: Carlisle Publishing Services.
Warash, B., Curtis, R., Hursh, D., & Tucci, V., (2008). Skinner Meets Piaget on the Reggio Playground: Practical Synthesis of Applied Behavior Analysis and Developmentally Appropriate Practice Orientations. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 22(4), 441-453. Retrieved August 19, 2009, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 1552015281) Website: http://proquest.umi.com.libproxy.nlb.gov.sg/pqdlink?did=1552015281&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=13402&RQT=309&VName=PQD
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