Applications of Biotechnology

Pages: 2 (487 words) Published: June 23, 2013
SUMMARY:

The first video of BioByte101 gives an introduction to what Biotechnology is and also provides us an overview to its many applications. The speaker Dr. David Targan defined biotechnology as the use of cells and the cellular process to improve our world, to help combat disease, develop renewable resources, reduce our environmental impact and grow more food. Goals of biotechnology include finding answers to questions to live a long healthy life and to cure many debilitating diseases. Dr. David also discusses the function of cell such as providing structure for the body, taking in nutrients for food, carrying out specific functions and containing the body’s hereditary material. Most cells have nucleus, which contains the DNA. The DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, keeps an order of sequence of cells, which allows us to understand what builds and maintains an organism. DNA is also the cornerstone of modern biotechnology.

The second video mentions cell and how it is the basis for life, and together with Biotechnology, they will be able to change, heal and feed the world; to also use nature in order to improve the human condition, develop cutting edge drugs, promote healthful food and nutrition, develop renewable products and energy, and spur a new economy. Examples of the results of the said events are the following: 1) 600 new therapies and vaccines 2) A billion biotech acres planted 3) Clean plant-made biofuels.

The last video shows real-life applications of Biotechnology. These applications include: 1) making vitamins 2) curing the virus that affected the Papaya industry 3) giving the stone-wash look of jeans 4) affecting detergents that caused a decrease in temperature for washing machines 5) cutting phosphates running to rivers 6) turning plants like corn into plastics 7) creating an ethanol-powered car 8) converting biomass into renewable fuel 9) curing and/or lessening pain for lymphoma cancer and arthritis patients 10) modifying colors in...
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