HISTORY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
Nowadays the realm of Nanotechnology has getting much attention at globally. If the old days, bigger is much more preferable and fascinating, but now small has become much attention from most of the study. Most of definition on Nanotechnology revolves around the study and control of phenomena and materials at length scales below 100 nm. Beside that’s, Nanotechnology refers to the constructing and engineering of the functional system at very micro level/ atomic level. According to Bawa, R. Stephen B. Maebius, & e.t. al. (2005), Nanotechnology is the design, characterization, production, and application of structures, devices, and systems by controlled manipulation of size and shape at the nanometer scale (atomic, molecular, and macromolecular scale) that produces structures, devices, and systems with at least one novel/superior characteristic or property.
The credit for Nanotechnology would be expressed to Richard Feynman, a brilliant physicist which has presented the first ever Nanotechnology concept. In 1959 Richard Feynman suggested that it should be possible to build machines small enough to manufacture objects with atomic precision. In his lecture "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom," Feynman described a process in which scientists would be able to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. Feynman described how the entire Encyclopaedia Britannica could be written on the head of a pin, and how all the world's books could fit in a pamphlet by a simple reproduction of the original pictures, engravings, and everything else on a small scale without loss of resolution. His talk is considered to be the foreshadowing of nanotechnology. In 1974, the term “nano-technology” is used by a Japanese scientist called Norio Taniguchi from Tokyo University of Science in a conference. Norio Taniguchi defines that "'Nano-technology' mainly consists of the processing of, separation, consolidation, and deformation of materials by one atom or one molecule.
In 1981, with the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope that could "see" individual atoms and the discovery of fullerene in 1985, that modern nanotechnology began. Nanotechnology in Sports
Sports is an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment. From the rich history of sports, it has become an argument to the player and fan’s over who’s faster and stronger in their respective games. It may because of player personal skill and individual effort that make certain player at the top of their games. Nevertheless, people may know or do not know that behind player skill and efforts good equipment is another contributor to these sport player to be at the top of their games. Sports by the far is tuning to the endless perfectness by Nanotechnology which is considered to be the game changer in sports, the technology and science with the material creation at the molecular level of matter has been sprawling into various popular fields and reinforcing them with its advanced characteristics of improving material properties.
Nanotechnology on Sporting Equipment
Nanotechnology has made a huge impact on the current sports performance and the level of competitiveness between players on their respective sports. This is possible by using a nanomaterial for an added advantage such as high strength and stiffness, durability, reduced weight, and etc. Figure 1 shows some of the general advantages using nanotechnology in sports equipment.
Figure 1: Advantage of Nanotechnology in Sports Equipment
Lighter, Stronger and Better Performance
The worlds of sports today are keeps changing by the introduction of advance technology. More and more advance equipment is incorporated with the players’ games. Lighter yet stronger equipment are what the player yearns off the most, as it reduce the burden of each player to increase their...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document