Application of Clinical Psychology Paper
PSY/480 – Elements of Clinical Psychology
October 06, 2014
The Affective (or Mood) Disorders and Suicide
The affective disorders also known as mood disorders refers to a group of diagnoses in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders classification system, where a person's behavior, thoughts, and emotions is affected by their mood ("Mood Disorder - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia", 2014). The disorders within mood disorders are divided into three classifications, which are major depressive disorder, postpartum depression, and bipolar disorder, and while the signs and symptoms within all three classifications revolves around mood, they can differ to a certain extent. Example, irritability, fatigue, and the feeling of worthlessness are symptoms within all three classifications but a change in appetite is a symptom displayed by those who have major depressive disorder; significant anxiety is a symptom displayed by those who have postpartum depression; and poor judgment and poor temper control are symptoms displayed by those who have bipolar disorder. The actual causes of major depressive disorder, postpartum depression, and bipolar disorder is still unknown but there are many who believe that their biological, psychological, environmental, and social factors that play a role in the development of the disorders. Many individuals throughout history have struggled with these disorders, and some died because the disorder consumed their lives or they failed to seek treatment. Virginia Woolf was a talented writer who struggled with bipolar disorder and in the worsening of hers struggles with bipolar disorder she committed suicide. Throughout the remainder of this paper a brief overview of the Virginia Woolf case would be provided; the biological, psychological, and social factors involved with the case will be discussed; and interventions that would be appropriate in the field of clinical psychology concerning the case will be explained. An Overview of the Virginia Woolf Case
Virginia Stephen was born in 1882 to a well-known editor Sir Leslie Stephen and his wife in Cambridge, England (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). She was the second of four children, but also had four older siblings from her parents’ previous marriages; two half-sisters and two half-brothers. The oldest of the four half siblings was institutionalized for mental health concerns during the majority of her life. As a child Virginia loved to read and desired to go to school, but due to the cultural times she was unable to attend. Coming from a family that stressed intellectual accomplishments Virginia instead taught herself English literature and received private lessons in both Latin and Greek. By the time Virginia was five-years-old Virginia was being sexually assaulted by her older half-brother and the other half-brother also begun assaulting her by the time she was a teenager. At the age of 13 Virginia’s mother died and her half-sister took over the role of mother (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). This devastated Virginia and she experienced a panic attack that was followed by a period of depression; this was the first occurrence of Virginia’s mental disturbances, but would not be her last. It was at this point that Virginia’s doctor prescribed time outdoors to treat her mental state. Two months later her half-sister/caretaker Stella died and Virginia’s sister Vanessa took on the role of caretaker. When Virginia was 22-years-old her father also passed away causing Virginia to experience another major lapse in mental health. Virginia experienced headaches, irritation, guilt, and delusions; she refused to eat and ultimately jumped out the window in an attempt at suicide. Her doctor prescribed rest. As an adult Virginia lost a brother to typhoid fever and her sister Vanessa got married (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). It was at this...
References: Meyer, R. G., Chapman, L. K., & Weaver, C. M. (2009). Case Studies in Abnormal Behavior (8th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database..
Meyer, R. G.; Chapman, L. K.; & Weaver, C. M. (2009). The Studies in Abnormal Behavior (8th ed.). Person Education.
Mood disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2014). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mood_disorder
Plante, Thomas G. (2010). Contemporary Clinical Psychology 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons
What is bipolar disorder.(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml
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