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Application of Clinical Psychology

By heavenschosen1 Jun 27, 2015 1308 Words


Application of Clinical Psychology
Angel Palmer, Amanda Ungurean, Solangel Conway and Vincent Depietro PSY/480
June 1, 2015
Kristin Merritte
Application of Clinical Psychology
When it comes to the field of mental health, there are several parts to look at. There are the different cases, some famous and some not of people in time who have suffered from mental illnesses like bipolar. One such person is Virginia Woolf, a novel writer from the early 1900’s. Below is a summary of her story and the illness that she had suffered from, bipolar. Also what will be discussed is the biological, psychological, and social factors that are involved with bipolar. With the case study of Virginia Woolf, it is shown which interventions would be appropriate in the field of clinical psychology. With each intervention, a look at the rationale was for selecting the intervention, what would be done, who would be involved with it, what setting it would be done in and what is the target of the intervention such as biological, psychological or social factors. Summary

In the article of Virginia Woolf, it describes her illness of bipolar and her life and death of dealing with it. She was a great novelist writer, married, and suffered severely from bipolar, having episodes that would put her in a manic state and then deep depression to where she would want to end it all. It gave her delusions and had her hearing things and not knowing what reality was. She struggled for most of her life to control the illness but in the end, it claimed her life. It wore her out fighting and suffering. In the end she filled her pockets with rocks and drowned herself. Application to our case study

Clinical psychology refers to the integration of science, clinical knowledge and theory to understand, prevent and relieve psychologically-based dysfunction or distress and promote behavioral well-being and personal development (Trull & Prinstein, 2012). Virginia was suffering from bipolar disorder, a condition that can be managed by diligent application of clinical psychology. This depressive illness caused her mood and ability to function to shift from moment to moment. Though she was an intelligent and talented lady, her upbringing plunged her into this condition that later claimed her life. In applying clinical psychology to her, it is paramount to psychologically assess her then apply psychotherapy to her. A clinical psychologist will have to do the required testing for her mental condition by observing her and seek to bring change into her life. She will be observed over a period of time then given the appropriate treatment. Some of the biological factors involved in this case study include sexual development deficiency, and also she came from a home where she felt biologically misplaced. She had siblings who were not her biological siblings; which added to her biologically disconnected. Psychologically factors include her distress after losing her mother, sister, brother and father; she was sexually victimized at a tender age; her whole life was characterized by deep depression. Social factors include; a society that discriminated girls hence she was not educated like her brothers leaving her to read everything something that contributed to endangering her life and also she was a social misfit due to her sexual orientation.

Effective treatment
An effective treatment plan for bipolar disorder includes a combination of both medication and psychotherapy (Plante, (2011)). There are a number of psychotropic medications prescribe for individuals with bipolar and other disorders however lithium is the most common and considered the best long-term treatment. However, depending on behavioral patterns psychotherapy may also prove to be beneficial. Individuals willing to go through therapy can achieve effective results especially where a therapeutic match is made. Intervention should occur in a professional setting. In the case of Virginia, Intervention may include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) including discussing the biological aspect of her illness to help her cope with her condition. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the prominent bipolar psychotherapy treatment available today (Nemade & Dombeck, (1995-2015)). During therapy the therapist works with Virginia to help her strengthen her coping and social skills that are impacting her life. Other interventions may include group psychotherapy support groups where the patient can express and share feelings. A psychotherapy group can provide useful information for people experiencing similar problems as well as provide support (Plante, (2011)). By taking a psychoeducational approach the therapist helps clients by providing education and skill building tools to promote wellbeing. The psychoeducational group may also include guest speakers that can offer insight relevant to the patient’s troubles. Therefore the overall cohesive nature of the group setting can create a real and needed sense of hope. Intervention

The appropriate intervention for Virginia would best be conducted in a professional setting. In order to determine what types of medication and therapy should be provided, a psychiatrist should be involved. There are a variety of medications, and many different types of therapy techniques that can be helpful in her treatment. I feel that a psychoanalytic approach may be helpful because if she can get all of her feelings out without judgment, she may be more honest about how she feels and what she thinks is happening. I think that the psychological and social factors are very important in this case. Biologically, she may have bipolar disorder, but the social and psychological damage that was done have been making it worse. If she can tell her story, and get everything out in the open the therapist can take all of this information and be more understanding in how to treat the condition. I think that medication is also a definite thing to be considering. The suicide attempts and the major depression require medication. I also feel that Virginia should have other people attend therapy with her, at least two people who are supportive of her. Her spouse and maybe a friend or family member who cares about her and is very close to her. The psychological damage has been a major contributor with the sexual abuse, and also the way society looks down on her. In order to help her realize she is no less of a person she must understand that people love and care about her. She also needs to learn that society’s opinions are not important, she can and will thrive as an individual and she can overcome what has happened to her. Conclusion

In the story of Virginia Woolf and her suffering from bipolar and how it brought her to her ultimate death, it shows that the suffering of a mental illness is a serious situation. When it comes to is the biological, psychological, and social factors that are involved with bipolar, The applications that need to be looked at are the environmental influences, the testing to diagnose, and the treatment plan like psychotherapy to help stabilize the patient who suffers from the mental illness like bipolar. Also what needs to be looked at is the family history to tell if it runs in the family. For an effective treatment, both psychotherapy and medications are needed to help. Today the treatment and the intervention of the way that bipolar are done is extremely different than back in the early 1900’s. Today, people can go to a doctor’s office specializing in the mental health field, get tested and have a diagnosis specific to their illness and get help through some form of counseling like psychotherapy and medications.

References
Nemade, R., & Dombeck, M. (1995-2015). Bipolar Disorder Treatment - Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. AMHC, (),. Retrieved from http://www.amhc.org/4-bipolar-disorder/article/11220-bipolar-disorder-treatment-psychotherapy-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy Plante, T.G. (2011). Contemporary Clinical Psychology. Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.

Trull, T., & Prinstein, M. (2012). Clinical psychology. Cengage Learning.

Reference
Trull, T., & Prinstein, M. (2012). Clinical psychology. Cengage Learning.

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