Apartheid in South Africa

Topics: South Africa, Black people, Nelson Mandela Pages: 3 (659 words) Published: October 17, 2013

Apartheid was developed after World War II by the Afrikaner- dominated National Party. By definition Apartheid is a system of racial segregation. The National Party (NP) governments enforced Apartheid, through legislation, in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. This new legislation classified inhabitants into four racial groups: black, white, coloured and Indian. (The Indian and coloured groups were further divided into several sub-classifications.) Through the Apartheid policy, “the government segregated education, medical care, beaches, and other public services, and provided black people with services inferior to those of white people.”

In addition, “the state passed laws which paved the way for Grand Apartheid, which was centered on separating races on a large scale, by compelling people to live in separate places defined by race.” The first grand apartheid law was the Population Registration Act of 1950. The population Registration Act formalized racial classification by issuing all people over the age of 18 an ID card specifying their racial group. The second major law passed was the Group Act of 1950. Until this law was passed, most settlements had people of different races living side by side. “This act put an end to diverse areas and determined where one lived according to race. Each race was allotted its own area, which was used in later years as a basis of forced removal.”

There were several other laws passed under grand apartheid. A few of the other laws passed included: the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949, the Immorality Act of 1950, the Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act of 1951, the Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953 and the Bantu Education Act (1953).

“Apartheid sparked significant internal resistance and violence, as well as, long arms and trade embargos against South Africa.” From 1950 to 1994, there were many protests and uprisings, which the police responded to with police brutality. This response only fueled the...
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