Running head: APA WRITING STYLE AND MECHANICS
APA requires a Running Head for publication. See APA, p. 296, section 5.15. APA Writing Style and Mechanics
The title is in upper and lowercase letters, centered between the left and right margins, and positioned in the upper half of the page (See APA, p. 296). An example is available on p. 306. Check with your instructor regarding the preference for including the course number, the instructor’s name, and the due date on the title page. Student Name
REQUIRED TITLE PAGE INFORMATION
Centered on the page (as shown above), include in this order: •
Title of Paper (Mixed upper and lower case letters; centered, see APA p. 296) •
Your Name (first and last, do not include academic or license information, e.g., BSN, RN) •
Institution Name (e.g., University of Phoenix, Axia College, Meritus University) **All lines are double-spaced (no single or triple spacing) throughout the entire document. The APA Sample Paper provided by the Center for Writing Excellence represents the consensus of several deans and other key academic officials within Apollo Group. The sample paper attempts to match APA style to the University's curriculum and academic services. Nevertheless, in advanced matters of style and formatting, differing interpretations of APA guidelines exist. While this sample paper is offered as a tool to help students with APA style, it is not a definitive or binding representation of format accepted by individual faculty members. As a result, for all unresolved style and format issues, it is essential that you consult with your faculty member before submitting your paper for a grade. Your instructor is the final authority regarding acceptable format and style for papers associated with his or her course, and the instructor's recommendations will prevail over this sample paper in the event that differences between the two occur. Revised: April 2008
Center for Writing Excellence
© 2008 Apollo Group, Inc. All rights reserved
APA Writing Style 2
According to section 1.07 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2001), “An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly, and like a title, it enables abstracting and information services to index and retrieve articles” (p. 12). Note that the abstract paragraph is not indented. An abstract should be no longer than 120 words and should be concise and specific (APA, 2001, p. 13). Because an abstract is not always required for student papers, please adhere to your instructor’s requirements. An abstract is not always required for student papers. When in doubt, contact your instructor. For additional information regarding the use of abstracts, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), p. 12-15. APA does not permit use of the word “Introduction” as a level heading. Instead, begin the text of the paper by including the same title as the title on the title page (centered, upper, and lower case). See APA, p. 298, 5.17. APA Writing Style 3 APA Writing Style and Mechanics
Indent the first line of each paragraph. Use the tab key, which should be set at five to seven spaces, or 1/2 inch. See APA, p. 289. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Publication Manual) began as an article published in Psychological Bulletin in 1929. That article reported results of a 1928 meeting of scholars "to discuss the form of journal manuscripts and to write instructions for their preparation" (American Psychological Association [APA], 2001, p. xix). Today the manual is in its fifth edition, and the APA format described in it is a widely recognized standard for scientific writing (i.e., scholarly or professional writing) in the social sciences. Although the stylebook is designed to prepare manuscripts for publication, many school and health care journals...
Citations: APA Writing Style 7
cited in Sterngold, 2004), 41% of students said they engaged in cut-and-paste plagiarism from online sources
Other Format Issues
Although the Publication Manual (2001) suggests that an abstract of an article precede the text, an abstract is not used in most student papers
Subject and verb agreement. A singular noun requires a singular verb, and a plural noun requires a plural verb (APA, 2001). Words that intervene between the noun and verb do not change that basic rule.
Punctuation. Correct punctuation establishes the rhythm and readability of sentences. In APA style, only one space is used after periods, commas, colons, and semicolons. When a hyphen is used, no space appears before or after the hyphen (APA, 2001).
American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Copeland, L. (2003). Managing a multicultural workforce. California Job Journal. Retrieved October 16, 2004, from http://www.jobjournal.com
Book, revised edition – see APA page 249, #27.
Cuddy, C. M. (2002). Demystifying APA style. Orthopaedic Nursing, 21(5), 35-42. Retrieved June 28, 2004, from EBSCOhost database.
Daniels, C. (2004, July 28). 50 Best companies for minorities. Fortune, 149(13), 136-
Proofreading for commas. (n.d.). Retrieved June 28, 2004, from Purdue University Online Writing Lab Web site: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_commaproof.html
University of Phoenix. (2004). Week two overview. Retrieved November 4, 2004, from University of Phoenix, Week Two. GEN480—Interdisciplinary Capstone Course Web site.
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