APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE
by University of Malaya Library (UML)
Single Author Two Authors Three to Six Authors More Than Six Authors Author - Malay Names (without family names) Author - Chinese Names Author - Chinese Names with English Names Author - Indian & Sikh Names (without family names) Inherited Names Conferred titles Local Government Institution as Author Foreign Government Institution as Author Unique Corporate Body Names Organization as Author Conference Names with Numbers Unknown Author
Reference List : Book Basic Format for Books Edited Book, No Author Edited Book with an Author or Authors A Translation Edition Other Than the First Article or Chapter in an Edited Book Multivolume Work Reference List : Articles in Periodicals Basic Form Article in Journal Paginated by Volume Article in Journal Paginated by Issue Article in a Magazine Article in a Newspaper Letter to the Editor Review Reference List : Other Print Sources An Entry in an Encyclopedia Work Discussed in a Secondary Source Dissertation Abstract Government Document Report from a Private Organization Conference Proceedings Published Conference Paper Unpublished Conference Paper Academic Exercise / Thesis (Unpublished)
Reference List : Electronic Sources Article From an Online Periodical Online Scholarly Journal Article Online Scholarly Journal Article with Printed Version Available Article From a Database Nonperiodical Web Document, Web Page, or Report Chapter or Section of a Web Document Online Forum or Discussion Board Posting Computer Software Reference List : Other Non-Print Sources Interview, Email, and Other Personal Communications Motion Picture A Motion Picture or Video Tape with International or National Availability A Motion Picture or Video Tape with Limited Availability Television Broadcast or Series Episode Single Episode of a Television Series Television Broadcast A Television Series Music Recording Suggested Reading Materials
Last name first, followed by author initials.
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10. Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand (&) instead of "and."
Three to Six Authors
List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand (&).
Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., & Harlow, T. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.
More Than Six Authors
If there are more than six authors, list the first six as above and then "et al.," which stands for "and others." Remember not to place a period after "et" in "et al." Omit bin/binti
Harris, M., Karper, E., Stacks, G., Hoffman, D., DeNiro, R., Cruz, P., et al. (2001). Writing labs and the Hollywood connection. Journal of Film and Writing, 44(3), 213-245.
Author - Malay Names (without family names)
Asmah Binti Omar Cite as Asmah Omar. (1991). Kemahiran berbahasa. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbitan Pustaka Antara.
Author - Chinese Names
First name first, followed by author initials.
Chu Chin Ning Cite as Chu, C. N. (1995). Simulated counter-current adsorption processes; A comparison of modeling strategies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 56, 59-65.
Author - Chinese Names with English Names
Family names followed by the initials of the English name and the author initials
Vincent Foo Hiap Khian Cite as Foo, V. H. K. (1983). Sarawak: Mini episodes of the past. Petaling Jaya: Fajar...
References: In the text, use the following citation:
In Seidenberg and McClelland 's study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993), ...
Santini, S. N. (2008). Research methods for business: A skill building approach. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3). Retrieved 20 February 2003, from PsycARTICLES database.
Frook, B. D. (1999, July 23). New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Message posted to http://groups.earthlink.com/forum/messages/00025.ht ml
Ludwig, T. (2002). PsychInquiry [computer software]. New York: Worth.
Smith, J.D. (Producer), & Smithee, A.F. (Director). (2001). Really big disaster movie [ Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures
Bellisario, D.L. (Producer). (1992). Exciting action show [Television series]. Hollywood: American Broadcasting Company.
Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. London: Big Pig Music Limited.
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