APA Style Essentials http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/detail.aspx?doc_id=796 Last modified August 1, 2007
Douglas Degelman, Ph.D., and Martin Lorenzo Harris, Ph.D.
Vanguard University of Southern California
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed., 2001) provides a comprehensive reference guide to writing using APA style, organization, and content. To order a copy of the Publication
Manual online, go to http://www.apa.org/books/4200060.html. To view "PDF" documents referenced on this
APA Style Essentials page, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download the free Acrobat Reader, go to http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html. The purpose of this document is to provide a common core of elements of APA style that all members of an academic department can adopt as minimal standards for any assignment that specifies APA style. This Web document is itself not a model of APA style. For an example of a complete article formatted according to APA style, go to http://www.vanguard.edu/uploadedfiles/faculty/ddegelman/prayer.pdf. For an example of an undergraduate research proposal, go to http://www.vanguard.edu/uploadedfiles/faculty/ddegelman/psychproposal.pdf. To download a Microsoft Word template of an APA-style paper, go to http://www.vanguard.edu/uploadedFiles/Faculty/DDegelman/psychapa.doc.
General Document Guidelines
Margins: One inch on all sides (top, bottom, left, right)
Font Size and Type: 12-pt. font (Times Roman or Courier are acceptable typefaces)
Line Spacing: Double-space throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document,
references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figure captions.
Spacing after Punctuation: Space once after all punctuation. This includes using one space (not two!)
following punctuation marks at the ends of sentences.
Alignment: Flush left (creating uneven right margin)
Paragraph Indentation: 5-7
References: Murzynski, J., & Degelman, D. (1996). Body language of women and judgments of vulnerability to sexual assault Gender and society. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2001, from http://www.trinity.edu/~mkearl/gender.html link. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 503-522. Retrieved May 20, 2000, from ProQuest database. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 168-172. Abstract retrieved July 23, 2001, from PsycINFO database. Childhood Research & Practice, 4(1). Retrieved February 1, 2004, from http://ecrp.uiuc.edu/v4n1/bergen.html See the Publication Manual (2001, pp. 147-176) for detailed examples. Tables must be referred to in the text.