American Psychological Association (APA) Format Requirements for Research Papers in Psychology Courses*
Leslie L. Downing
State University of New York College at Oneonta
Timothy M. Franz
St. John Fisher College
*Paper submitted in fulfillment of a requirement in Psychology, 335, Laboratory in
The style and format specified by the American Psychological Association (APA) for research reports in psychology is presented in words and by example in this brief paper. This paper, including this abstract, is written and typed using page layouts, section headings and subheadings, referencing style, and other features required by APA for journal articles and required by many psychology courses for research and term papers.
American Psychological Association (APA) Format Requirements for Research Papers in Psychology Courses The style and format described in this paper is called “APA format” or “APA style”, and is explained in detail in the fifth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 2001). This paper is also written in APA format, and can be used as an example of how a paper should be organized and how the manuscript should be typed. A brief explanation of each section of the paper and of specific requirements for headings and subheadings, referencing methods, and other characteristics of a paper are presented. The entire paper, starting with the first line on page one, and ending with the last line in the tables and figures, should be double-spaced. All papers should include a page header, which is a shortened version of the title (three or fewer words). It appears in the upper right hand corner of every page of the manuscript. The purpose for this is in case the pages of the manuscript become disorganized, or mixed in with another manuscript (remember, most professors, like most journal editors, are
References: APA. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: APA. Brewer, M.B. (1979). In-group bias in the minimal intergroup situation: A cognitive-motivational analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 307-324. Downing, L.L. (1975). The prisoners dilemma game as a problem solving phenomenon: An outcome maximization interpretation. Simulation and Games, 6, 366-391. Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117-140. Johnson, R.D., & Downing, L.L. (1979). Deindividuation and valence of cues: Effects on pro-social and anti-social behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 1532-1538. Lavery, T.A., Franz, T.M., Winquist, J.R., & Larson, J.R., Jr. (1999). The role of information exchange in predicting group accuracy on a multiple judgment task. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 21, 281-289. Strunk, W. Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan.