Cognitive Behavior Therapy: A Counseling Approach
Erika Moton I.D 2085356
Developing a Psych Perspective 3002
Topic Analysis Assessment
This paper will discuss the theorists of cognitive behavior therapy beliefs and assumptions about helping and will describe the theorist’s helping style. It will further examine the theory’s key components: philosophy of a healthy personality, the nature and sources of dysfunction, and goals of the helping process. The paper will look at the theorist’s beliefs of the helper/client relationship, helping style, and preferred strategies for assessment, intervention, and evaluation. Furthermore, this paper will discuss how this theory was applied to a one-on-one helping project. Cognitive Behavior Therapy: A Counseling Approach
Albert Ellis (1913-2007) is credited with developing rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) and is viewed as the grandfather of cognitive therapy (Corey, 2009). Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Dr. Ellis’s cognitive behavior therapy is a counseling approach that was developed to alter emotions and behavior for a more meaningful experience in life. Dr. Ellis was disenchanted with the slow success rates of his clients during therapy sessions. A natural at counseling, Dr. Ellis abandoned psychoanalytical oriented psychotherapy and developed cognitive behavior therapy. His belief is that if clients change their thinking and how they view themselves and their problems, a successful and positive counseling session will occur in a short amount of time. This counseling approach is oriented to client’s cognitive processes including judgment, decision and analytical processing (Corey, 2009). REBT is an integrative method assuming that the interrelation and reciprocation of ones thought process, emotional disposition, and actions or effect are the result of what is caused. Dr. Ellis believed that the underlying belief is the root cause of what effects exist. The ABC framework, which is essential to REBT theory and practice, describes the aforementioned. A client learns he’s HIV positive (A – the event). He then uses drugs as a coping method (C – consequence). The client believes (B – belief) that C is the appropriate reaction to A and A is the event that requires C. The belief behind the cognitive, emotive, and behavior is what is addressed in the REBT model. If the (B – belief) is (D- disputed), then a new (E-effect) can occur (Corey, 2009, p. 278). The helping process uses various methods to change dysfunctional personality. The relationship between the counselor and the client is somewhat like that of teacher/student. The therapist points out the beliefs that cause emotive behavioral problems. Disputing beliefs, assigning homework for the clients, and changing the client’s language are examples of methods used to effect change. The client may be asked to list pro’s and con’s of his/her belief system and then work on statements or affirmations that are positive in building self-esteem as opposed so self-condemning statements (Corey, 2009, p. 282). Rational emotive imagery and role playing are other techniques used to achieve change in behavior. Rational emotive imagery may be viewed as visualization techniques which is great to hold an image of how one chooses to have, do, and be. Role playing affords a different perspective which is positive in nature. This is especially successful in group settings. The aforementioned techniques are methods of changing clients thinking which is the most effective way of bringing about lasting emotional and behavioral change. This can only be done once clients accept themselves as they are and are able to separate themselves from how they behave. This is the general goal of the therapeutic process. Cognitive behavior therapy teaches clients how to change their thinking to change their dysfunctional emotions and behaviors to become healthy ones...
References: Corey, Gerald. (2009). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (8th ed). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
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