(Scroll down to near the end for the non-author section.)
A Reference page is the most critical of pages in every academic paper. It represents your quality of research, your quality of intellectual effort, your ability to understand the assignment, and your ability to acquire the finest sources who are, in essence, vouching for your theory, your point-of-view, your opinion, and therefore, your argument, thereby providing you with your credibility! Why would anyone consider using junk here? Your Reference page must always be in alphabetical order. Doing so makes it easy for the reader to locate those citations you used in your paper. If you become technical (using technical material) you must be most careful about every portion of your reference. Excellent work means accomplishments, not accusations. Remember that careless paraphrasing means the possibility of being accused of plagiarism where if you have correct citations and the support of wonderful references, you will never be in that shadowy other world of questionable academic writers. Most References fall into four categories. Text, journals, periodicals and newspapers. Though there are many others, these are the most common. See your APA manual for the specific way to present each of these references. Do not ever repeat the same reference in the reference page for an additional citation of the same source used in your paper. In other words, if you use Jones (2009) more than one time within your paper, you will only post that source one time in your reference page. You must make absolutely certain that every citation in your paper is included on your reference page. * Always include the “Reference” heading for the reference page. Center the word References. ( Do not use quotation marks.) Do NOT use the heading “Bibliography” or “Work Cited” , or “Resources” as they have a different process with a different purpose. * Always put your references in alphabetical order.
* NEVER number your references.
* Do not misspell any words in a reference. Always double check the spelling of your authors for accuracy. * Do not leave out the critical elements of a reference. This is an easy bad habit to fall into. * Do not use dictionaries as citations or references. That is very bad form. It implies your reader does not know the meaning of the words you are defining. Only if you are using a most unique technical term (perhaps medical, technology, or legal) can you define the term. * Make sure your fonts for the reference page are the same as the rest of your paper. * ALWAYS double space within a reference and between references. * Do NOT indent the first line of the reference. Begin the reference from the left margin of your paper. Do indent the second and all following lines. * Do NOT use quotation marks in the reference title.
* Follow the rules regarding which portion of the reference uses italics. * Avoid ever using no date sources. Yes, you can use them/it but it is unwise if reviewers of your work cannot verify what you are citing. I for one, am always concerned when I see such a source. How References Must Look
Examples of different references:
Author, initials, (year). Title of text. Place of publisher: Publisher. (Watch all punctuation. (Note italics for text title.)
Author/s, initial/s.(year). Title of article. Full name of Journal. Volume, Issue, page/s.
(Note italics for publisher here, NOT title. Note second line is indented.) PERIODICAL:
Author/s, initial/s.(year). Title of article. Full name of Periodical. Volume, issue, page/s.
(Note italics for periodical name, NOT title or publisher. Note second line indented ) NEWSPAPER:
Author/s, initial/s.(year). Title of article. Full name of Newspaper. Volume, issue, section (letter) with page/s.
(Note italics for newspaper name, NOT title. Note second...
Citations: “Green apple” (2009) states there are never enough . . .
The reference would look like this:
Reference: Jones, A. (2010). Never buy stamps again. AntiStamps.com. Retrieved from http://Antistamps.com.
(Note both the citation and the beginning of the reference are exactly alike.)
Web Site Citation without author: According to “Never buy.”(2010)
Web Site Reference with no author:
“Never buy.”(2010). Never buy stamps again. AntiStamps.com. Retrieved from
Jones (2010, para. 24)
Jones, A. (2010). Never buy stamps again. AntiStamps.com. Retrieved from
Non-author, no page number Web site Citation:
“Never buy.”(2010, para 24)
Kramer, M.G., Leggett, G., Mead, C.D. (1995). Prentice Hall handbook for writers. Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall publishers.
Sabin, W. A. (2005). The Gregg Reference manual/ a manual of style, grammar,
usage, and formatting 10th ed
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