AP World History Unit 2 Study Guide

Topics: Religion, Ancient Rome, Buddhism Pages: 8 (2101 words) Published: October 10, 2013


Key Concept 2.1 The Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions Answer
Concepts & Relevant Factual Examples in Underline
“Factoids”
2.1.1 How did religions help strengthen political, economic, and cultural ties within societies? Religious and political authority often merged as rulers, some considered divine, use religion, along with military and legal structures, to justify their rule and ensure its continuation.

2.1.2 How did religions promote a sense of unity?
Codifications and further developments of existing religious traditions provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by. -Religion presents a sense of unity in the U.S in the present day 2.1.3 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Judaism? The association of monotheism with Judaism was further developed with the codification of the Hebrew scripters which also showed Mesopotamian influences. -Torah

-Moses
-Mount Sinai
2.1.4 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Hinduism(s)? The core beliefs outline in the Sanskrit scriptures formed the basis of the verdict religions often known as Hinduism that show some influence of Indo-European traditions in the development of the social and political roles of a caste system and in the importance of multiple manifestations of the Brahma to promote teachings of reincarnations. -Brahma

-Indo-Europeans
2.1.5 What is a “universal religion?” Where did universal religions exist by 600 CE? A religion that spreads worldwide and its main mission is to diffuse. New belief systems and cultural traditions emerged and spread, often asserting universal truths. -Christianity is an universal religion.

2.1.6 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Buddhism? The core beliefs preached by the historic Buddha and recorded by his followers into sutras and other scriptures were in part a reaction to the Vedic beliefs and rituals dominant in South Asia. Buddhism changed over time as it spread throughout Asia, first through the support of the Mauryan Emperor Asoka, and then through the efforts of missionaries and merchants and the establishment of educational institutions to promote its core teachings. -Buddha

-Vedas
-Dominant in South Asia
2.1.7 How and where did Buddhism spread by 600 CE?
Buddhism spread to Nepal, Tibet, and China where it grew slowly alongside Chinese religions, by the ninth century, Buddhism was well established in China and spreading to neighboring countries, too!. It reached Korea in the fourth century, and then it spread to Thailand, Cambodia, Japan. -Spread to East and South Asia

2.1.8 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Confucianism? Confucianism's core beliefs and writings originated in the writings and lessons of Confucius and were elaborated by key disciple who’s sought to promote social harmony by outlining proper rituals and social relationships for all people in China including the rulers. -Chinese religion during time of instability

2.1.9 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Daoism? The primary belief is in learning and practicing “The Way” (Dao) which is the ultimate truth to the universe. Also known as Taoism, Daoism traces its roots to 6th Century BC Chinese philosopher Laozi wrote the iconic book Dao De Jing on the tenets of the Dao. -Also known as Taoism

2.1.10 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Christianity? The core beliefs preached by Jesus of Nazareth drew on the basic monotheism of Judaism, and initially rejected Roman and Hellenistic influences. -3 subsets; Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant 2.1.11 How and where did Christianity spread by 600 CE?

Despite initial Ramon imperial hostility, Christianity spread though the efforts of missionaries and merchants through many parts of Afro-Eurasia, and eventually gained Roman imperial support by the time of the emperor Constantine. -Universal religion as it spread worldwide

2.1.12 What are the main...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • World History AP outline chapter 2 Essay
  • Study Guide: The World History of Islam Essay
  • World History Study Guide Essay
  • CCGPS (Georgia) High School World History Unit 4 Study Guide Essay
  • AP World History Chapter 32: Reading Guide Essay
  • World History Study Guide Essay
  • AP World History Study Guide Essay
  • Study Guide Ap World History Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free