History The study of past events and changes in the development, transmission, and transformation of cultural practices.
Earliest Farming Location Fertile crescent
Swidden Agriculture a place temporarily cleared for agriculture by cutting back and burning off previous growth
Catal Huyuk early urban culture based on sedentary agriculture
Mesopotamia "between the rivers"; civilizations that arose between the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys
Hyksos a member of an ancient nomadic people from western Asia, probably of Semitic ancestry, who conquered and ruled Egypt between 1720 bc and 1560 bc
Hittites a member of an ancient Anatolian people whose empire was based in Asia Minor during the second millennium bc
Sargon Sargon the Great was an Akkadian emperor famous for his conquest of the Sumerian city-states in the 23rd and 22nd centuries BC. The founder of the Dynasty of Akkad, Sargon reigned from 2270 to 2215 BC
Hammurabi most important ruler of the Babylonian empire; responsible for codification of law
Anthropomorphic the attribution of a human form, human characteristics, or human behavior to nonhuman things, e.g. deities in mythology and animals in children's stories
Cuneiform form of writing developed by Sumerians using a stylus and tablets
Harappa major urban complex of Harappan civilization; along with Mohenjo-Daro
Mohenjo- Daro major urban complex of Harappan civilization
Shang The Shang dynasty ruled parts of northern and central China. Its capital city was located at Anyang near the border of Henan from about 1384 BCE. This dynasty was based on agriculture.
Ancestor Worship Worship given to deceased relatives who are believed to be closer to the Gods, and therefore able to grant favors.
Mandate of Heaven The Zhou Dynasties justification of rule by claiming that heaven would grant the Zhou power as long as they were just. Important for being the first involvement of divine right to rule,
Confucianism Confucius lived in China