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Ap World History-Chapters 12-15 Study Guide

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Chapter 12-15 Test Review Answers 1.) To actually conquer this territory it required a well-trained and equipped army. Also it took lots of time and people with skills. When Genghis Khan died, the land that he had owned split up. The Mongols built highways which helped them in trading. They were also the first to use gunpowder, coal, and printing. 2.) With the death of Abu Said Bahatur Khan in 1335, the Mongol rule in Persia fell into political anarchy. As a result of unstable control and the Black Death, the Mongol dynasty collapsed. Mongols effected the development of Korea, Japan, and Vietnam by influencing them by their ways. One of the long-term effects was the change of the women. The rules and jobs of the women were being changed during this time. 3.) The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived; Delhi based kingdoms or sultanates, of Turkic origin in medieval India. Environmental differences changed how trade, farming, businesses and public services operated. Mali had abundant rainfall and a very tropic climate which helped with the fertile soil in the area for farming. Although there was also high mountain ranges and plateaus that had cooler weather and shorter growing seasons. The Swahili city-states also had a tropic climate as well as a tropic environment. Unlike the Mali, they depended on herding and agriculture. They had more wide open fields for farming and less tropical forests and mountains. 4.) A short time after the Black Death, the culture throughout the middle ages shifted from church buildings and cathedrals. Instead peoples culture became oriented toward own living standard. I believe the Latin West was the region affected most. After all, they were the center of attention during this time. Trade was rising, the language was spreading and people spread cultures. 5.) The main factor was to find a shorter hence more economical trade route to East, the Indies, and China. A shorter route than rounding Africa which was the only one known at the time. Also a different trade route could find other locales and countries suitable for commerce while also offering better security from attack. Three factors contributed to Spain's ability to establish a vast land empire in the Americas. One was Amerindians' lack of resistance to diseases brought from the Eastern Hemisphere. Another was Spanish superior military technology (swords, armor, horses, and some firearms), combined with aggressive fighting techniques and local allies. And the final one is Spain's ability to apply the pattern of conquest, forced labor, and forced conversion-a pattern developed during the re-conquest of the Iberian Peninsula-to the Americas.

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