WHAP: Chp 10 Medieval Europe
1. What characteristics defined medieval west Europe?
2. How did manorialism affect the legal, social and economic position of the serfs?
3. How did feudal monarchs organize power? How was their power limited?
4. What problems did the medieval church face and how did it solve them?
5. What changes occurred in agriculture, towns and commerce after 1000?
6. What social, economic, religious and political changes ended this era?
Vocab: a) 3 field system b)vassals c) scholasticism d) Hanseatic League e)guilds f)Black Death g) Crusades
1. Medieval west Europe contained political structures comparable to the more recent civilizations of Russia, Japan, and sub-Saharan Africa. There were many signs of a developing society in this part of Europe: economic productivity, population growth, technological achievement, increased political complexity, and artistic and intellectual advancement. The development of Western civilization was attributed to politics and social structure. As far as intellectual growth, medieval west Europe produced the university and Gothic architectural forms and ideas.
2. Manorialism was the organization of economic and political obligations between landlords and peasants. In this type of local political organization, serfs, or people living and working on manors, bore many burdens from society, but they were not slaves. Serfs retained some political freedoms; they had inheritable ownership of houses and land as long as they met all obligations. As far as their economic power, the peasant villages created