AP US History study guide

Topics: Immigration to the United States, Immigration Act of 1924, Ku Klux Klan Pages: 18 (3397 words) Published: January 8, 2015
AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY
2012 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 4
Analyze the origins and outcomes of the intense cultural conflicts of the 1920s. In your response, focus on TWO of the following.
Immigration
Prohibition
Religion
The 8–9 Essay
• Contains a clear, well-developed thesis that addresses the origins and outcomes of the intense cultural conflicts of the 1920s regarding two issues.
• Develops the thesis with substantial and specific relevant historical information related to two issues.
• Provides effective analysis of the origins and outcomes of the intense cultural conflicts related to two issues; treatment of the two issues may be somewhat uneven; treatment of origins and outcomes for each issue may be somewhat uneven.

• May contain minor errors that do not detract from the overall quality of the essay. • Is well organized and well written.
The 5–7 Essay
• Contains a partially developed thesis that addresses the origins and outcomes of intense cultural conflicts of the 1920s regarding two issues.
• Supports the thesis with some relevant historical information related to two issues. • Provides some analysis of the origins and outcomes of the intense cultural conflicts related to two issues; treatment of the two issues may be substantially uneven; treatment of origins and outcomes for each issue may be substantially uneven.

• May contain errors that do not detract from the overall quality of the essay. • Has acceptable organization and writing.
The 2–4 Essay
• Contains an undeveloped, confused, or unfocused thesis or simply paraphrases the question. • Provides minimal relevant information or lists facts with little or no application to the question. • Describes two issues in a general way or addresses outcomes and origins of only one issue. • May contain major errors.

• May be poorly organized, poorly written, or both.
The 0–1 Essay
• Lacks a thesis or restates the question.
• Demonstrates an incompetent or inappropriate response or is off topic (zero). • Contains numerous errors.
• Is poorly organized, poorly written, or both.
The — Essay
• Is blank.

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AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY
2012 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 4 (continued)
Potential Outside Information
Immigration
Origins
• Increased immigration from southern and eastern Europe (“new immigrants”) between 1891 and 1920 (25 million between 1865 and 1915, more than four times the number in the previous 50 years; 3.2 million arrived after the First World War); increased immigration from Mexico, 1921–1930. • Immigrants arrived with little money and little education; lived in tenements (crowded, unsanitary, with inadequate public services); clustered in ethnic communities (“immigrant ghettoes”); created organizations around ethnic/religious identities (Irish: Roman Catholic parish; Jews: synagogues, Hebrew schools; Germans: singing societies) that were seen as a barrier to assimilation. • Labor unions feared immigrants would act as strikebreakers; immigrants were seen as difficult/undesirable to unionize.

• Nativism prior to 1920 and in 1920 seen in the following: o Some Progressives favored immigration restriction as a way to solve urban problems (poverty, overcrowding, social unrest, unemployment, drug use); also wanted to assimilate immigrants through Americanization.

o American Protective Association (anti-Catholic) advocated immigration restriction (1890s). o Immigration Restriction League 1894
o 1917 Immigration Act did the following:
ƒ Required literacy test (earlier attempts to pass literacy tests vetoed by Grover Cleveland in 1896, by William Howard Taft in 1913, by Woodrow Wilson in 1915; in 1917 Wilson vetoed another; this act was passed over his veto); prohibited certain political radicals.

ƒ Created “Asiatic Barred Zone” (Japan and Korea were left out, but prior limitations on laborers from China and Japan still applied).
ƒ Mexicans...
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