Ap Us History Ia Paper

Topics: American Civil War, Confederate States of America, African American Pages: 7 (2062 words) Published: August 19, 2013
African American Soldiers During the Civil War:
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How did African Americans help fight on both sides during the Civil War?

Word Count: 1866

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents……………………………………………..2 A. Plan of investigation……………………………………..3 B. Summary of Evidence………………………………...….3-5 C. Evaluation of Sources……………………………………5-6 D. Analysis…………………………………………………….6-8 E. Conclusion…………………………………………….…...9 F. List of Sources…………………………………………….9-10

A. -------------------------------------------------
Plan of Investigation
The question that I want to address for my historical paper is: How did African Americans help fight on both sides during the Civil War? To find out how the African Americans fought against and for the Union, also known as the North, first you must scrutinize the reason why African Americans got involved in the Civil War in the first place. The reason why most African Americans fought in the Civil War was to have the opportunity to fight oppression and end slavery nationally. Black soldiers served in artillery and infantry and performed all noncombat support functions that sustain an army, as well. Black carpenters, chaplains, cooks, guards, laborers, nurses, scouts, spies, steamboat pilots, surgeons, and teamsters also contributed to the war cause.

The two sources selected for evaluation are the Negro’s Civil War and Freedom’s Soldiers. They are evaluated for their quotes, important documents, important people, and personal accounts. Word Count: 155

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B. Summary of Evidence
Following Abraham Lincoln’s election to the presidency in 1860, Southern states began seceding from the Union. Though personally opposed to slavery and convinced the United States was going to have to be all free or all slave states—"a house divided against itself cannot stand"—he repeatedly said he would not interfere with slavery where it existed. He adamantly opposed its expansion into territories where it did not exist, and slave owners were determined that they had to be free to take their human property with them if they chose to move into those territories. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863. It specifically asked freed slaves to enlist in the Union Army. “But it took a long time to convince the U.S. government that it should let African Americans fight for the Union in large numbers” (African-American Heroes of the Civil War, 6). However, many African Americans were forced to help fight alongside the Confederates. This greatly disturbed many freed African Americans such as Fredrick Douglas. Lincoln quoted a very important quote about Frederick Douglas, “There is no man in the country whose opinions I value more” (Walbridge, 12). He was also known as “the nation’s most prominent Negro” (The Negro’s Civil War, 7). The Emancipation Proclamation proclaimed all those enslaved in Confederate territory to be forever free, and ordered the Army to treat the slaves as free. An editorial stated, “…Congress will do something for those poor souls who remain in degradation. But we thank God and President Lincoln for what has been done and take courage” (Negro’s Civil War, 30). During the Civil War, Tubman worked for the Union army as a nurse, a cook, and a spy. Her experience leading slaves along the Underground Railroad was especially helpful because she knew the land well. She recruited a group of former slaves to hunt for rebel camps and report on the movement of the Confederate troops. In 1863, she went with Colonel James Montgomery and about 150 black soldiers on a gunboat raid in South Carolina. Because she had inside information from her scouts, the Union gunboats were able to surprise the Confederate rebels. Tubman worked as a nurse during the war, trying to heal the sick. Many people in the hospital died from dysentery, a disease associated with terrible...
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