Exploration and settlement in the new world helped England succeed in the age of colonization. The New England colonies, consisting of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island were some of the most successful early colonies. Though they faced difficulties early on, they were able to overcome them even more quickly than that of the Virginia colonies. The colonies in the Caribbean were settled for different reasons than the New England colonies. To examine the similarities between the New England colonies and the Caribbean, one must break it down and look at the reasons it was settled, the difficulties faced, the social and political development, and the religious impact of each colony.
In the 1620’s, there was much religious unrest in England. There was also tension between Charles 1st and Parliament. Charles wanted to have complete control of the country, justified by the theory of divine rights of kings. This said that kings had a special right from God to have specific controls and advantages. Parliament was basically the voice of the people. Parliament did not want the king to have absolute dictatorship control. In 1629, King Charles tried to reintroduce Catholicism as major religion, in doing so he persecuted many Protestants. He then banned parliament, in the midst of this, the puritans wanted to leave the persecution and go to the new world. They got a charter for land in the New England area of Massachusetts and New Hampshire. They created the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629. They went to the new world under the leadership of John Winthrop. They went to sea in 1630, with seventeen ships and over one thousand people. They arrived in the middle of winter, killing one third of the people due to starvation and diseases. They recovered faster than the Virginia colony due to the help of the natives, a timely manner of supplies from England and families caused a sense of community. The natives helped teach the colonists how to fish and farm, introducing them to corn.
Massachusetts evolved into a theocratic society. This means that there was a very undistinguishable line between government and the church. Religion dominated and dictated the ways of life. Only male church members could vote. When more people began arriving into the colony that was not puritans, they could not vote. They had the options of either converting or leaving the colony. This led to the development of new settlements throughout Massachusetts.
Connecticut Valley, one hundred miles from Boston, began to attract English families in the 1630’s. Thomas hooker was a minister from Cambridge who defied the Massachusetts government and established the city of Hartford in Connecticut. They established a colony government and a constitution known as the fundamental orders of Connecticut. This was the first formal constitution in the United States.
Another puritan colony established by a puritan minister and wealthy English merchants was Newhaven, Connecticut. They were formed under the agreement that the Massachusetts colony was too lax when it came to religion. They established an extremely strict government. They wrote the document called the articles of Newhaven. Newhaven remained independent until 1662, when a royal charter combined it with Hartford to establish the state of Connecticut.
In the Connecticut valley, there were several conflicts with the natives. One war, called the Pequot’s war, took place in 1973. It started when the English would trade with the natives for land, and tried to kick them off the land. They would raid an Indian village and, when the Indians fought back they were called savages and heathens. The English then sought out to kill all the Pequot’s. The war ended with the Pequot’s being completely wiped out.
Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams, a minister who had religious and political problems in Massachusetts. He wanted a separation...
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