AP US essay
Topics: Colonialism, Thirteen Colonies, Native Americans in the United States / Pages: 7 (1831 words) / Published: Jul 9th, 2015

Step 1: State Your Argument

Based on your existing knowledge of American Indian–colonial relations in North America, write an argument to use as the basis of your research.
The French experienced the best relationship with the natives as they were very cooperative with the Natives, peacefully tried to convert them and married Native women and integrated with them. The Spanish came behind the French as they integrated with them as well however they were much more violent in exploiting them for resources through systems like the encomienda system. However, the English had the most tarnished relationship with the Natives as they looked to expand at the Natives expense and saw the Natives as inferiors.
Step 2: Research Notes

Use the chart below to keep track of primary and secondary source evidence you find that supports your argument. Be sure to fill out each column. The following primary sources can be found on the AP U.S. History Research Library:
Thomas Morton, "Manners and Customs of the Indians," an extract from his "New English Cannon," 1637
Pedro Naranjo, "Coexistence and Conflict in the Spanish Southwest: The Pueblo Revolt of 1680"
Mary Rowlandson, "Captivity and Restoration"
Jean Nicolet, "Account of the First Contact of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)"
You can use any secondary sources that you like as long as they are reliable and fully cited.
Author or title of source
Location and date written
Description of text
Is the account biased?
“Coexistence and Conflict in the Spanish Southwest: The Pueblo Revolt of 1680" by Pedro Naranjo

Location: Unknown
Written: 1680

In 1680, the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico rose up against the Spanish missionaries and soldiers, destroying every Catholic church in the region. Pedro Naranjo, an Indian prisoner, explains the reasons behind the revolt.

It may be biased on the account that Pedro Naranjo was himself an Indian prisoner and may be sympathetic to the Indian cause and have resentment for the Spanish.


Cited: John Alexander Williams, West Virginia: A History for Beginners (Charleston, WV: Appalachian Editions, 1993), 64. "Native Americans, Treatment of (Spain Vs. England) (Issue)." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. 2000. Encyclopedia.com. 8 Jul. 2015 .

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