Ap United History Dbq

Topics: United States, John Quincy Adams, American Civil War Pages: 3 (957 words) Published: November 18, 2010
AP United States History
Document-Based Question

After its victory over Britain in the War of 1812, the United States of America became immersed in national pride which led to Era of Good Feelings, a period of unprecedented political unity. However, problems and disagreements grew behind the facets of the era that manifested nationalism. Sectionalism began to form as the dissent between the north and the south and different political figures intensified. Divergence among politicians was one of the factors that made the nationalism of Era of Good Feelings break apart. After the Federalist Party was virtually spelled to end after Hartford Convention, which accused the party and appointed Monroe as the president during elections of 1816 and 1820(I). Even though Monroe did not have to deal with the diverging policies of different parties, the dissent within the Republican Party at the time planted seeds for sectionalism. An example is John Marshall, as shown in document (D). Although the Federalist Party died out, Marshall predominated the judiciary system and made decisions that advocated Federalist beliefs and thus halted the unification. He made decisions for controversial issues such as McCulloch versus Maryland case and Dartmouth versus Woodward case; his judgments included not allowing the states to tax governmental institutions and making states subject to contracts, by which he manifested his Federalist interpretation of the government and the internal split that existed within the superficial “good feelings.” Also, new political adversities were created. In 1824 the presidential votes were split among four different candidates, as opposed to the almost unanimous election in 1820.(I) This was due to higher competition among the candidates and the  “corrupt bargain,” in which Henry Clay advocated Adams as the president in order to become secretary of state and created adversities among politicians. This again proved that the advent of new political...
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