Why is psychology a science?: Psychology is a science because it uses systematic collection and observation of data to try to answer questions about the mind and behavior and their interactions.
Define dualism: Dualism refers to the division of the world and all things in it into 2 parts: body and spirit.
What did Locke mean by tubula rasa?: “blank slate” and has been used (originally by John Locke) to refer to the mind of a child. According to this view, all knowledge that we have must be learned; nothing is innate.
Why is Wundt considered by some psychologists to be the founder of psychology?: because he initiated the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, in 1879.
Behavior: a natural process subject to natural laws, refers to the observable actions of a person or an animal.
Mind: sensations, memories, motiveds, emotions, thoughts, and other subjective phenomena particular to an individual or animal that are not readily observed.
Dualism: the division of the world and all things in it into 2 parts: body and spirit
Rene Descartes: 17th century philosopher and mathematician that believed knowledge was innate.
John Locke: 17th century English political philosopher , encouraged scientific empiricism; popularized the term tabula rasa which means “blank slate” in Latin. Used to describe the human mind upon birth.
Empiricism: the acquisition of truth through observations and experiences.
Thomas Hobbes: believed that the idea of a soul or spirit, or even of a mind, is meaningless. His philosophy is known as materialism, which is the belief that the only things that exist are matter and energy.
Behaviorism: a belief that for psychology to be considered a science it must limit itself to observable phenomena, not unobservable concepts like the unconscious mind.
Charles Darwin: theorists who coined the concept of natural selection; theorized the concept of “natural selection”; theorized that certain