Ap Music Theory Study Guide

Good Essays
work was taken off various websites/my own knowledge

Cadence- two chord progression that occurs at the end of a phrase

Conclusive Cadence- anything ending on a tonic triad

Inconclusive Cadence- sounds incomplete(half/deceptive) not ending on tonic Half- any chord going to a V

Phrygian Half- IV- V
Authentic- V (or vii at least that’s what musictheory.net says ) going to I
Perfect Authentic (PAC)- 3 conditions

1. Must be V chord first rather than vii

2. Must both be in root position

3. Last chord must have the tonic at the top of the chord

Imperfect- everything else

Plagal-IV(iv) to I(i)

Deceptive- V to anything else except I(usually vi?)

Cadential extension- delaying cadence by adding additional things to the closing phrase

Coda- a musical selection that closes the harmonic/melodic phrases reinforce the final cadence

Codetta-marks end of sonatas, ends in a perfect cadence; not necessarily signals the end of the piece; a smaller version of a coda

Contour-shape of the melody

Countermelody-sequence of notes that looks like the melody but isn’t and it’s meant to be played with the leading melody

Elision (phrase elision)-last note of first phrase serves to be the first note of the second phrase

Fragment (fragmented motive)-using part of melodic line rather than the entirety-

Introduction ?

Jazz and pop terms

Bridge-the middle section in a jazz tune that contrasts from the main sections it’s the “B” in the AABA form

Chorus-one complete cycle of a tune

Song form (AABA)- most common pop/jazz form(Gershwin, Cole Porter, Harold Arlen, etc.)

Turnaround-a bunch of chords that end up in a cadence on the tonic and leads back to the beginning chords or the next set of chords

twelve-bar blues-mostly I-IV-V form and in 4/4 most popular blues form (from some other source: three four-bar phrases, aab or abc patter, most commonly I/I/I/I/IV/IV/I/I/V/IV/I/I)

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Ap Music Theory

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Shoshana Dunner AP Music Theory Miss. Evans May 3rd 2013 Final Project: Prelude in D Flat major Op.28 Chopin’s Raindrop Prelude was composed during the romantic period (1820-1900) and completed in 1839. During the romantic period, most composers portrayed feelings and nature in their work. In addition, they used a wide range of dynamics with lots of sudden changes, using sforzandos and accents, to dramatize their music. The music was more expressive using extra instructions as well as tempo…

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    ap study guide

    • 1236 Words
    • 5 Pages

    1. Politically, how did the Guptas rule? Smaller & depended on local governance (indivs., villages, etc.) 2. For much of history, the Indian political landscape was characterized by? Small kingdoms 3. Who unified the Gupta Empire? Ruler Chandra Gupta 4. The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of? Their Grandson 5. Like the Romans and the Hans, the collapse of the Gupta state was partially caused by an invasion of the ? Invaded by the White Huns 6. How did the Mauryans rise…

    • 1236 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Music Study Guide

    • 1384 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Elements Music is an art based on the organization of sounds in time. Also the universal language of man or something who knows Pitch is the relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound Tone is a sound that has a definite pitch Interval is the distance in a pitch between any two tones Tones are separated by an interval called the octave Tones have a specific frequency in music Pitch range is the distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce…

    • 1384 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    AP Psychology study guide

    • 1098 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Advertisement Advertisement Advertisement…

    • 1098 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ap Micro Study Guide

    • 443 Words
    • 2 Pages

    STUDY GUIDE COSTS OF PRODUCTION: Total Physical Product (TP)- total output or quantity produced Marginal Product (MP)- the additional output generated by additional inputs (workers). Average Product (AP)- the output per unit of input. Stage 1: Increasing Marginal Returns Stage 2: Decreasing Marginal Returns Stage 3: Negative Marginal Returns TC- Total Costs: Sum of Fixed and Variable Costs VC- Variable Costs: Costs for variable resources that do change with the amount produced…

    • 443 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Music Speculation The study of music theory dates back to ancient Sumeria, where tunings and intervals were studied. The ancient Greeks developed knowledge of rhythm, notation and scales. Music theory is a topic within musicology, the study of music. Music theory pertains to the observation and measurement of sound. Some topics that are studied are rhythm, notes, chord, and pitch. These topics are initially taught in music classes. They are the basis of learning music theory and can be applied to…

    • 1659 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ap Midterm Study Guide

    • 786 Words
    • 4 Pages

    American History AP Mid Term Study Guide-2012 Mr. Lester I have provided you with a basic guideline to study from. Below is a list of units and sample topics from which you need to prepare from. The list is NOT all inclusive, it is a guideline. Also use old reading quizzes, tests, and links that I have placed on Moodle. You also might look in your AP review book and read through the outlines and look at some sample questions. A. Columbus - Colonization • Columbian Exchange • St. Augustine…

    • 786 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Bio Study Guide

    • 4984 Words
    • 20 Pages

    Sam Rausser Wednesday, August 17, 2011 3:38 PM Once glucose is made, glucose molecules can be converted (by plants) to… 1) monosaccharides, like fructose 2) Disaccharides a. Maltose (glu‐glu) seeds b. Sucrose (glu‐fru) sugar cane, sugar beets 3) Polysaccharides a. Starch, food storage in roots (chains of glucose) b. Cellulose, plant structure (chains of glucose) 4) Amino Acids a. Glucose + N from ground 5) Lipids, specifically oils which are energy source in seeds & phospholipids found in membranes…

    • 4984 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    AP Euro Study Guide

    • 931 Words
    • 4 Pages

    AP Euro. Study Guide #2 Commercial Revolution: Characteristics: New Wealth Growth in overseas trade Commerce (buying and selling of goods) no longer local but global Rise in capitalism (an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.) Encouraged joint-stock venture Banking system formed Nations adopt philosophy of mercantilism (belief in the benefits of profitable trading) Banking families…

    • 931 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Introduction to Music MUS 151-04 Test #1 study guide September 12, 2013 (review date) September 17, 2013 (test date) Read the article on page 8, Live in Concert. Pay particular attention to the third paragraph and the comments about the differences between an eighteenth-century concert and an modern concert. Be familiar with these chapter 2 terms: Rhythm (15) Beat (14) Meter (14) Duple (14) Triple (14) Measure (14) Syncopation (17) Tempo (14) Be prepared to define the characteristics…

    • 332 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays