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Ap Human Geography Outline Chapter 9

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Ap Human Geography Outline Chapter 9
Ap Human Geography
Chapter 9 Outline
Chapter 9: Development
Development: Process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
More Developed Countries (MDC): relatively developed country or simply as a relatively developed country
Less Developed Countries (LDC): although many analysts prefer the term developing country or emerging country.
I. Key Issues 1: Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?
A. Human Development Index (HDI) Created by the United Nations, country’s level of development is a function of all three of these factors. a. Economic Indicators of Development 1) Economic: gross domestic product (GDP) 2) Social literacy rate and amount of education 3) Demographic Factor life expectancy
Highest Norway, Lowest Niger
B) Gross Domestic Products Per Capita: Value of all goods and services per year/ divided by population
USA: 14 trillion/307 mil= 45, 600
GDP exceeds 30,000 in MDC’s
Less than 3,000 in LDC’s

C) Types of Jobs:
a) Primary: Agriculture, Mining Fishing, Forestry
b) Secondary: Manufacturing, manufactured goods
c) Tertiary: Services, education, retail, bank, government
D) Productivity: The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it. Workers, in MDC produce more with less effort because of technology in LDC’s hand and animal work

E) Consumer Goods: wealth in MDC is used to purchase goods and services, related to transportation and communication

F) Social Indicators of Development: MDC part of wealth for education hospitals, and welfare services

II. Key Issues 2: Where are MDC’s and LDC’s distributed?

A) North America 0.95 HDI-
B) Europe: 0.93 HDI
C) Russia 0.73 HDI
D) Japan 0.96 HDI
E) Oceania 0.90 HDI

Less Developed Countries:
A. Latin America 0.82 HDI
B. East Asia 0.77 HDI
C. Southwest Asia and North Africa 0.74 HDI
D. Southeast Asia: 0.73 HDI
E. Central Asia 0.70 HDI
F. South Asia 0.61 HDI
G. Sub- Saharan Africa

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