1. The process of industrialism threatened traditional and social hierarchies in both societies. In Russia, the aristocracy was threatened by the abolition of serfdom, the creation of regional zemstvoes, and reforms of the army. In Japan, the samurai were almost destroyed by the fall of the shogunate, the destruction of feudalism, and military reform. Both nations used territorial expansion as a means of mollifying the aristocracy and building support for the imperial government.
2. A move to industrialization was part of the process of change. In Russia, state support was vital, because it lacked a middle class and capital. A railway system was created in the 1870s. It reached the Pacific in the 1880s. Siberia was opened to development and increased Russian involvement in Asia. Under Count Wittle, the government passed …show more content…
Modern Japan's foreign policy was shaped at the outset by its need to reconcile its Asian identity with its desire for status and security in an international order dominated by the West.
16. Japan was better able to modernize because the government sent officials abroad to study western political institutions and economic organizations, so they got an idea of how the West really was. Plus, Japan had a smaller population to control over, so it was quicker and more efficient to modernize the people.
17. Domains were officially abolished, all feudal class privileges were ended, an army was formed, unified monetary and tax systems were established. All of these led to the success of Japan as a nation in the modern world.
18. Japan had many economic developments that gave Japan benefits in the wars it fought. It had new technology, weapons, etc. Many classes were abolished and new ones were formed.
19. Japan's success in modernization has created great interest in why and how it was able to adopt Western political, social, and economic institutions in so short a time. One answer is found in the Meiji Restoration