Brown V. Board of Education
November 6, 2014
Brown V. Board of Education (1954):
Brown vs Board was not actually one case it was a mash up cases from five different areas; Brown V Board (Kansas), Briggs V Elliot (South Carolina), Bulah V Gebhart & Belton V Gebhart (Delaware), Davis V County School Board of Prince Edward County (Virginia), Bolling V Sharpe (District of Columbia). The big picture of all the cases was the desegregation of schools due to the negligent care of the segregated African American schools. This segregation violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th amendment. The Supreme Court had to answer to the question of, “Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other 'tangible' factors may be equal, deprive the children of equal educational opportunities?”
Lower Court Verdict:
Bolling v. Sharpe
The US District Court ruled that the segregation of public schools violated the 14th amendment and the District of Columbia and Border States began desegregating schools.
Brown v. Board
The US District Court stated that “no willful, intentional, or substantial discrimination” existed. It was also stated that the court saw no difference in the facilities.
Briggs v. Elliot
The US District Court denied segregation but order the equalization of black schools
Bulah v. Gebhart & Belton v. Gebhart
Both cases were ruled in favor of the Plaintiffs, all children were given right to go to white school; until the Board of education appealed the decision
Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County
US District Court denied segregation but order the equalization of black schools
For Brown v. Board Kansas, there were 13 ( Oliver Brown, Darlene Brown, Lena Carper, Sadie Emmanuel, Marguerite Emerson, Shirley Fleming, Zelma Henderson, Shirley Hodison, Maude Lawton, Alma Lewis, Iona Richardson, and Lucinda