AP European History
July 25, 2014
Citizens of Eastern European socialists states saw communism as an opportunity to unify the countries; however, the failure of establishing a classless society, the dishonesty of the communist leaders, and the lack of support from the people led the citizens to lose hope and turn their backs on communism. Communism was designed to eliminate class barriers and make every day life easier for both the people being ruled and the rulers. However, the Soviet Union established a socalled communist regime that did not adhere to the ideologies in which communism was originally created, which was to serve the masses. This form of communism failed in countries such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary.
The original intent of communism was meant to have a classless society. However, the soviet communist parties did not actually achieve that. As Milovan Djilas wrote in The New Class, “The exclusive, if unwritten, law that only party members can become policeman, officers, diplomats, and only they can exercise actual authority, creates a special privileged group of bureaucrats.” The unofficial class of bureaucrats defied the true meaning of communism. Communists rulers created an illusion that was named communism, but in its basis, was not communism whatsoever. Soviet communists used their privileges to create a class that pushed the everyday citizen further down and limited the progress an individual can make. The everyday citizen was forced to live a life where they wake up, work, go home, eat, and sleep. The citizens were stripped down to their basic necessities that were sometimes even rejected. Croatian columnist, Slavenka Drakulic, wrote how, “Every mother in Bulgaria can point to where communism failed, from the failure of the planned economy, to the lack of apartments, childcare facilities, clothes, disposable diapers, or toilet paper.” ...
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