Ap Euro Chapter 24 Key Terms

Satisfactory Essays
Chapter 24 Key Terms

1. Positivism- a philosophy of human intellectual development that culminated in science. In The Positive Philosophy Comte argued that human thought had developed in three stages: Theological, metaphysical, and positive. 2. Natural selection- The principal of survival of the fittest. It was naturalistic and mechanistic, requiring no guiding mind behind the development in organic nature. Contradicted with Biblical story of creation. 3. Social Darwinism- The application of Darwin’s concept of “the survival of the fittest” to explain evolution in nature to human social relationships. 4. Kulturkampf- meaning the “battle of culture”. The conflict between the Roman Catholic Church and the government of the German Empire in the 1870’s. 5. papal infallibility- the doctrine that the pope is infallible when pronouncing officially in his capacity as a head of the church on matters of faith and morals, enumerated by the First Vatican Church in 1870. 6. Werner Heisenberg- uncertainty principle (All physical laws are based on uncertainty) 7. Henrik Ibsen- Norwegian playwright, carried realism into the theater. Did not view women as the "angel of the house." 8. realism The style of art and literature that seeks to depict the physical world and human life with scientific objectivity and detached observation. 9. Modernism- The movement in the arts and literature in the late nineteenth and easily twentieth centuries to create new aesthetic forms and to elevate the aesthetic experience of a work of art above the attempt to portray reality as accurately as possible. 10. Keynesian economics- Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms. 11. Virginia Woolf- A Roof of One's Own Written by Virginia Woolf. In this work, she spoke of the difficulties that women encounter in being taken seriously as writers. 12.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    AP EURO CHAPTER 11 TERMS Enclosure Acts: The Revolution of 1688 confirmed the ascendancy of the Parliament in England over the king. Economically, it meant the ascendancy of the more well to do property-owning classes. The British government was substantially in the hands of wealthy landowners, the “squirearchy”. Many landowners, seeking to increase their money incomes, began experimenting new and improved methods of cultivation and stock raising. An improving landlord, to introduce such changes…

    • 1514 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Euro

    • 119088 Words
    • 477 Pages

    1 / 259 AP Euro Notes Unit 1: Renaissance and Discovery I. The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527) Renaissance-a time of transition from the medieval to the modern world Jacob Burkhardt: the renaissance was the release of the “full, whole nature of man” Started after the death of Pertrach, “the father of humanism” and ended with the sack of Rome from Spanish-imperial soldiers. A. The Italian City-State Growth of City-States: endemic warfare between emperor and pope of Italy weakened…

    • 119088 Words
    • 477 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Ap Euro Term Review

    • 5128 Words
    • 21 Pages

    multi-lingual (Hebrew, Greek, and Latin) BibleGermany: * Johann Reuchlin (1455-1522) visited Italy encouraged German curriculum to be extended to Hebrew and Greek languages and literature * Development of Christian humanism | Classicism/Antiquity | Term for a long period of cultural history in the Balkans from the earliest recorded poetry of Homer (8th – 7th century BC) to the emergence of Christianity and the fall of the Roman Empire (5th century AD). These ideals were preserved and imitated during…

    • 5128 Words
    • 21 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ap Euro Renaissance Terms

    • 361 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Allegory: an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances 1. Botticelli: One of the leading painters of the Florentine renaissance, developed a highly personal style. The Birth of Venus 2. Desiderius Erasmus: Dutch humanist scholar who studied early Christian as well as classical culture; criticized the Church. 3. Fresco: the art or technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater…

    • 361 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Euro Chapter 23

    • 691 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Chapter 23 Essay The years between 1815-1848 saw the rise of a number of related and competing ideologies, one of them being Socialism. Socialism sought economic equality for all, and was very much against the the Laissez Faire ideal of liberalism. There were different forms of socialism as it evolved over the years. Throughout the 19th century, Europe saw an uprising and evolution of socialism led by key names Karl Marx, Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, and Robert Owen. It created equality…

    • 691 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    AP Euro

    • 526 Words
    • 3 Pages

    My interest in traveling to and participating in a study tour of Germany stems most currently from my fervent study and passionate teaching of Advanced Placement (AP) European History; yet the genesis of this interest began decades earlier. In the 1950s my mother grew up in Munich as an Army brat while my grandfather was a full Colonel of the United States Army stationed at U.S. Army Garrison Munich after World War II. The images of my mother ice skating on frozen ponds and my grandfather's collection…

    • 526 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Euro chapter 14

    • 558 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Chapter 14: Reform and Renewal in the Christian Church Homework The Great Schism: The Babylonian Captivity was the blasting fuse of the Great Schism. It was a period of division when the popes resided in Avignon, where there were three rival popes holding their own administrative offices and own followers. The schism weakened the religious faith of Christians, and discredited the Roman Catholic Church’s prestige. The Conciliar Movement was the outcome. Absenteeism: It was one of the Church…

    • 558 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Euro Chapter 14

    • 5647 Words
    • 21 Pages

    Chapter Overview: Due to science and the discovery of a “heliocentric” universe, there was a transformation of humankind’s perception of its place in the larger scheme of things. This new worldview led to new thinking about moral and religious matters, as well as scientific theory. New ideas and methods of science challenged modes of thought associated with late medieval times like scholasticism and philosophy. The Protestant Reformation and the discovery of the Americas presented new uncertainties…

    • 5647 Words
    • 21 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    AP Euro

    • 2313 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Chapter 30 Key Terms, People, and Events Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-) – “Typical of the new generation of political leaders was Mikhail Gorbachev, who was, above all, a technocrat, someone who could apply specialized technical knowledge to the problems of a stagnant Soviet economy” (903). Glasnot- “Gorbachev set in motion in 1985 plans for increased openness, which he called glasnost” (903). Perestroika- “Gorbachev set in motion in 1985 plans for . . . a program of political and economic restructuring…

    • 2313 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Euro

    • 1631 Words
    • 7 Pages

    AP Euro Mr. Anderson/ Mr. Charboneau DBQ – Point of View assignment Directions: Read the following DBQ questions and documents, paying special attention to the document source information (author, time, place, political and/or religious affiliation, etc.). For each document write a possible point of view statement about the author. Remember, P.O.V. is NOT the author’s opinion, but rather a possible reason why the author may hold that opinion. Point of view can sometimes be seen as the author’s…

    • 1631 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays