The Great Schism: The Babylonian Captivity was the blasting fuse of the Great Schism. It was a period of division when the popes resided in Avignon, where there were three rival popes holding their own administrative offices and own followers. The schism weakened the religious faith of Christians, and discredited the Roman Catholic Church’s prestige. The Conciliar Movement was the outcome.
Absenteeism: It was one of the Church corruptions at that time, in which worker (clergy) was not being in the location of jobs and benefices but still receive salary. Pluralism was partially a cause since many workers were holding more than one jobs in different places and couldn’t make it to work.
Pluralism: It was the social phenomenon that cleries held more than one jobs or benefices simultaneously but seldom visited their benefices.
Benefice: It was salary given to a clergy for rendering services in the Church.
Simony: It was the sell of religious offices and benefices.
The Imitation of Christ and the Modern Devotion/Brethren of the Common Life The Imitation of Christ by Thomas a Kempis urges Christians to take Christ as the model and seek perfection in a simple way of life. The “Brethren of the Common Life” was a group of pious laypeople carrying out the Gospel benevolent teachings to common people; they sought to make religion a personal and spiritual inner experience. They facilitated the religious practices and were a true religious revival.
The Council of Trent It was the reformation and reconciliation of the Church. The council strengthened the Catholic doctrines and further spreaded Catholicism to more people; it also halted the future spread of Protestantism and won back the reputation of Catholic Church.
Henry VIII (of England) He ruled England from 1509-1547. He broke the Catholic Church in England because his petition to Pope Clement VII for an annulment