AP Euro Arts Movements

Topics: Cubism, Impressionism, Expressionism Pages: 13 (2577 words) Published: June 1, 2014
AP EURO ART MOVEMENTS
Overview: Page # •Italian Renaissance (1400s-mid1500s)………….1-2 •Northern Renaissance (1500s-late1600s)…………3

Mannerism (Mid-Late 1500s)………………………..3-4 •Baroque (1600-1750)…………………………………...4-5 •Rococo (1700s)…………………………………………….5-6 •Neoclassicism (1750-1850)………………………..........6 •Romanticism (1800-1850)…………………………........7 •Realism (1850-1900)…………………………………....7-8 •Impressionism (1860-1890)………………………....8-9 •Post- Impressionism (1880-1910)…………………...9 •Expressionism (Early 1900s)………………………9-10 •Fauvism (1900-1910)…………………………………….10 •Cubism (Early 1900s)……………………………………..11 •Futurism (Early 1900s)……………………………..11-12 •Dada (1915-1922)………………………………………….12 •Surrealism (1910-1920)…………………………………13 •Abstract Expressionism (1900s)………………...13-14 •Functionalism (Mid 1900s)……………………………..14 •Pop Art (Mid-to-Late 1900s)……………………...14-15 •Op Art (Mid-1900s)……………………………………...…15 •Photorealism- (1960s and 70s)…………………….…16

Italian Renaissance: 1400s-mid1500s
Definition/Historical context:
Transformation of cultural and intellectual values from primarily christian to classical or secular ones •antithesis of Gothic/Romanesque art (dark ages) which was dark, very heaven/g-d oriented, things were uglier and lacked depth/perception because the focus was only HEAVEN. •things became more beautiful and pleasant to look at with the use of the: ovantishing point

odepth/perspective
ocontroposto ("s" form of sculptures like david. Basically a person with his/her foot out and hand on hip) otriangualr configuration
Artists began to sign their name because they began to get paid, were commissioned by wealthy families and churches, etc •this defers from the previous Gothic art where artists did not sign because the focus was G-d and art was made primaril to reflect the Glory of G-d. Famous people:

Artists:
oMassachio
perspective geometry in his "Holy Trinity"
oGiotto
oDonatello
revived free standing sculpture from Classical times with his sculpture "David" oLeonardo Davinci--Reinassance man
Mona Lisa
Last Supper: Jesus still in the center
oMichelangelo: best sculpture-er of all time
Sculptures:
David
Pieta
paintings:
last judgment
sistine chapel
Raphael:
school of athens
Bruneschelli:
architechture: Dome in Catheral of Florence
Botticelli
Ghirlandio
Lippi
Literature:
Boccacio:
decameron
Machiavelli:
the prince
Petrarch:
father of humanism (and sonnets. obvs)
revived classical stuff
Geographical Location:
Began in Florence. Moved throughout Italy when there was all of the strife/treaty of lodi/all that fun stuff in the late 1400s th •rough cultural diffusion, etc.

Northern Renaissance: 1500s-late1600
Definition/Historical Context:
Spread of Italian Renaissance to non-Italian states through the printing press. This also blended Christian ideas into the Italian Renaissance art. Famous People:
artists:
oAlbrecht Duhrer:
Adam and Eve
oHans Holbein
oVan Eyck
Literature:
oMontaigne (French)
Essays
oShakespeare
Geographical Location:
Netherlands/Dutch Republic: very prominent here.
oart was depicted kind of like realism...everyday Dutch people doing every day things, depicted as happy onot so much religion, not over the top
ostill life
oduring the golden age of Netherlands
Rembrandt von Rign
Jan Vermeer
Flanders
England
Germany

Mannerism: Mid to Late 1500s
Definition/ Historical Context:
A period of art that emerged from the later years of the Italian Renaissance •It was influenced by the renaissance→ but went a step further •Notable for its intellectual sophistication
Preferred artificial qualities over natural ones
Favored instability over the balance and clarity in the Renaissance •By the end of the High Renaissance, young artists experienced a crisis. It looked like...
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