The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were a period of many changes in world of sciences. Usually the philosophes and researchers of the sciences were either supported or reprimanded by many aspects of life in these centuries. The work of scientists was affected by governments promoting, but also preventing, research of the sciences, religious bodies promoting or condemning the outcomes of experiments and theories and even merging outcomes to religious ideas, and also new relationships between scientists across Europe, but also with a neglect of women.
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the work of many scientists was affected by political bodies. For example, Louis XIV supported the building of new academies as a sign of wealth and a source for new knowledge in France, as noted by Jean Baptiste Colbert in a letter, (Doc. 11) and also commissioned paintings of himself visiting these academies (Doc. 10). As the painting in document 10 shows many devices the scientists used and a very lavish setting in the background, it may have been embellished to impress other nations or leaders. Also, Marin Mersenne, a French monk and philosopher, was very willing to change his work, which had been rigorously tested, at the whim if his patron pleased (Doc. 5). Mersenne was sponsored by a noble, and he was also a monk, which could explain his willingness to change his work as he received all funds for research by his noble patron and was most likely a devout Catholic. New universities throughout Europe were also built to study the sciences further. Political bodies affected the work of scientists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by both promoting the studies of scientists, like Louis XIV and the universities he established, and preventing further research, as Marin Mersenne was willing to do if his patron willed it.
The work of scientists was also affected politically in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Some religious figures enjoyed, and...
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