Ap Biology Quiz

Satisfactory Essays
Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

AP Biology
Guided Reading Chapter 23 Evolution

Name __________________________

1. What is the smallest using of evolution and why is this important to understand?
2. Define the following terms:
a. Microevolution
b. Population
c. Population genetics
d. Gene pool
3. What is the Hardy-Weinberg Theorem and why does it appear to be an apparent contradiction to evolution?
4. What is Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
What are the five conditions for H-W equilibrium to maintained?

5. How can the H-W equation be used to today in terms of human health?
6. What are the two broad processes that make evolution possible?
7. What is the impact of the following:
a. Point mutation
b. Gene duplication

Page 1 of 3
…show more content…
Sexual recombination
8. What is the relationship between mutation rates and generation span?
9. Define the following:
a. Genetic drift
b. Bottleneck effect
c. Founder effect
d. Gene flow
10. Why would we discuss adaptive evolution and what role does natural selection play? 11. Give examples of phenotypical variation that is not inheritable.
12. Explain the terms phenotypic polymorphism and genetic polymorphism in common terms giving an example from your own experience. I will be looking for a reasonable answer for this question – points will be deducted if not answered.

13. How do we measure genetic variation?
14. How can very small differences in nucleotide sequences lead to such diversity in the human population?

15. What is geographic variation and how does the term cline relate?

Page 2 of 3

Adapted from L. Miriello by S. Sharp

16. What is different about the terms fitness and relative fitness?
17. Why is it said that evolution acts on phenotypes and not genotypes?
18. Use the diagram below to differentiate between the modes of selection.

19. Why does diploidy preserve genetic variation?
20. How does balancing natural selection relate to the term balanced

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Population Genetics

    • 1551 Words
    • 7 Pages

    ABSTRACT The microevolution of Alu element TPA-25 was tested in the experiment through the examination, observation, and analysis of population alleles distribution under the Hardy-Weinberg Theory of Genetic Equilibrium. Alu elements affect the genome by causing insertion mutations, recombination between elements, gene conversion, and alterations in gene expression. In the lab PCR was used to amplify a short piece of DNA from human genome which allowed us to look for a DNA sequence called an Alu…

    • 1551 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Population Genetics

    • 2030 Words
    • 9 Pages

    alleles in the gene pool of a population. Hardy and Weinberg, and the population geneticists who followed observed that evolution will not occur in a population if seven conditions are met: 1. Mutation is not occurring 2. Natural selection is not occurring 3. The population is infinitely large 4. All members of the population breed 5. All mating is totally random 6. Everyone produces the same number of offspring 7. There is no migration in or out of the population With their observations…

    • 2030 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Population Genetics Lab

    • 1581 Words
    • 7 Pages

    September 18, 2011 Period 8 AP Bio Ms. Dahle September 12, 2011 TITLE: Population Genetics and Evolution Within a Gene Pool INTRODUCTION: The Hardy-Weinberg scheme is a way of viewing evolution as changes in the frequency of alleles in a population of organisms. If A and a are alleles for a particular gene and each individual has two alleles then p is the frequency of the A allele and q is the frequency of a alleles. The frequency of the possible diploid combinations is expressed in the equation…

    • 1581 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Sharp

    • 955 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Anna S BA 3103 Critical Analysis Paper Sharp Sharp’s third quarter results showed very disappointing performance. The company reported a ¥249.1 billion ($3.12 billion) loss. Moreover, it is forecasting a ¥450 billion, or $5.6 billion, loss for the fiscal year through 2013. Apparently, the company is burning through more cash than it is generating and having difficulty in securing short-term financing. Also, the company is considering selling some holding in other companies and office building…

    • 955 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    EFFECTS OF PREDATOR PREFERENCE AND POPULATION SIZE GENETIC VARIATION IN A BEETLE POPULATION NAME: Ivy Baaba Koufie STUDENT NUMBER: 212565669 LAB: N6 TA: Thomas Van Zuiden DATE: February 17th 2014 INTRODUCTION The quantity and relative frequency of ales present in a population is known as Genetic Variation. It is essential for a population because without genetic variation there is a decline in fitness of a population which results in a decline in the ability…

    • 2786 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Better Essays

    sharp

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages

    SHARP Sharp provides a suitable detailed website because Sharp is dedicated to provide the best quality care for each individuals medical condition. Their main commitment is to provide patients with the best quality care in San Diego. Sharp includes information about their Medical Services, Patients & Visitors, Classes & Events, Health Library, Locations, and finding the right Doctor. Improving the health of many lives of those they serve is their mission and being considered the number one health…

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    POPULATION GENETICS (FRUITFLY) NAME: Christopher N. Anah CLASS: BIOL 2108L INSTRUCTOR: DR. JAMES BATTEY OVERVIEW: In this lab the Drosophila melanogaster fly species were used to do genetic test crosses. Students were taught how to manipulate phenotypes, collect data from F1 through the F4 generations, and analyze the results.INTRODUCTION: The basic principles of genetics are very often shared by a vast array of organisms. For that reason, it is usually only necessary to study the genetic…

    • 1452 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Abstract Population genetics is the study of how localized groups of individuals capable of interbreeding and creating fertile progeny change genetically over time. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium accounts for gene pools that do not change genetically over time. In this experiment, I intended to determine whether the sample population consisting of my fellow biology lab classmates would fall in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium with respect to the ALU insert from human chromosome 8. My hypothesis was…

    • 1442 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Genetic Variation are the differences within individuals in a population. They are what make us genetically different from one another. Genetic variation occur because of mutations in our DNA and recombination. There are multiple types of mutation such as point mutations or chromosome mutations. Point mutations are the most common where only a single DNA nucleotide is affected. Within point mutations are frameshift and substitution. Frameshift mutations are when a base is either added or deleted…

    • 306 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    A-SHARP Assessment

    • 310 Words
    • 2 Pages

    I have chosen the Adult Scale of Hostility and Aggression: Reactive/Proactive (A-SHARP) to further examine for reliability and validity. The A-SHARP instrument was developed to measure verbal aggression, physical and covert aggression, hostile affect and bullying behaviors exhibited by adults diagnoses with an intellectual disorder. The instrument uses a question and answer format that seeks to identify behaviors exhibited by the individual, the frequency of the occurrence and whether or not the…

    • 310 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays