AP Bio fact sheet

Topics: Osteoporosis, Vitamin D, Bone Pages: 3 (666 words) Published: May 26, 2015

Osteoporosis

Why is it a problem?
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become weak and are more likely to break. People with osteoporosis most often break bones in the hip, spine, and wrist. These issues result in the loss of bones which may change in some cases and not in others. How is it diagnosed?

An accurate and common test done to diagnose osteoporosis is a bone density test to check a patient’s bone health. These tests diagnose the disease and tell whether you are likely to break a bone, check the density or strength of bones, and see if previous treatments are working. What causes osteoporosis?

There are many risk factors that can eventually lead to osteoporosis, here are some risk factors: Gender, women are more likely to get osteoporosis
Age, The older you are the higher the risk you have of getting the disease Body size, small and thin women are at greater risk
Ethnicity, White and Asian have the highest risk, while African Americans and Hispanics have lower a risk Family history, osteoporosis can run in the family
Sex hormones, low estrogen level and low testosterone can lead to osteoporosis Anorexia can lead to osteoporosis
Nutrition, low calcium and vitamin D intake leads to risk of bone loss Lack of exercise or long term bed rest can lead to the weakening of the bones Smoking and drinking can cause bone weakening and bone loss

Medications can increase risk of osteoporosis
What are the symptoms?
Osteoporosis is sometimes referred to as a “silent disease.” Someone may not even know they have the disease until they experience a strain, bump, or a fall that causes a broken bone. What are the treatments?

Osteoporosis may need to be treated using medications but can also be treated by a sufficient intake of calcium and vitamin D, a healthy exercise plan, a healthy lifestyle in general. What are the preventions?

There are many ways osteoporosis can be prevented. The main way to prevent it is to maintain a balanced healthy...


Cited: "Drug Discovery & Development." Drug Discovery & Development. Advantage Business Media, 21 Nov. 2013. Web. 26 Jan. 2014. .
"Facts and Statistics." International Osteoporosis Foundation. International Osteoporosis Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.
"What Is Osteoporosis?Fast Facts: An Easy-to-Read Series of Publications for the Public." Fast Facts About Osteoporosis. National Institutes of Health, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. .
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