aow 360

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Reward system Pages: 271 (18537 words) Published: October 13, 2013
AOW 360/3 – MANAGERIAL PSYCHOLOGY
SEMESTER 2, ACADEMIC SESSION 2011/2012

Table of Contents
Title

Page

List of Figures and Tables
Acknowledgement

4

1.0

Introduction

5

2.0

Literature Review

6

2.1

History of Motivation

6

2.1.1

Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

6

2.1.2

ERG Theory

7

2.1.3

Herzberg’s Motivation-hygiene theory

7

2.1.4

Expectancy Theory

8

2.1.5

Equity Theory

8

2.2

Table of Comparison

9

2.3

Concept and Variables

22

1

3.0

29

3.1

Table of Comparison

29

3.2

Setting

41

3.3

Common and Popular Questionnaire

42

3.4
4.0

Research Methodology

Discussion of Research Methodology

44

Discussion and Conclusion

46

4.1

Table of Findings

46

4.2

Comparison of Text Book and Journals

58

4.3

The Best Journal Article

59

4.4

Table of Implication, Limitation and Recommendations

61

4.5

Discussion of Findings

91

4.6

Implication of Study

92

4.7

Limitation of Study

93

4.8

Recommendation

94

4.9

Conclusion

94

References
Appendix
2

List of Figures and Tables
Figures
Figure 1- Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

6

Figure 2- A taxonomy of human motivation

24

Figure 3- Framework for the “Motivating Employees in a New

24

Governance Era:The Performance Paradigm Revisited”

Figure 4- Relationship between reward system and employee motivation

25

Figure 5- Relationship between reward system and employee motivation

26

Figure 6- A taxonomy of human motivation

27

Tables
Table 1- Dependent and independent variables in the 25 journals

9

Table 2- List of selected motivating tools assessed by researched

21

managers (From journal no. 1)
Table 3- Table of comparison of research method, research site,

29

sample and numbers and types of respondents,
unit of analysis, reliability of the instrument, items reported in the instrument
Table 4- Findings from the 25 journals

46

Table 5- Implication, Limitation, and Recommendation of the 25 journal

61

3

Acknowledgement

First and foremost we would like to express our gratitude to our beloved Managerial Psychology’s lecturer, Dr. Daisy Kee Mui Hung. Dr Daisy has given her utmost support and advices to our group in order to complete this project. Without Dr. Daisy guidance, we would not have completed the assignment in the period of time given. We would also like to thank to Dr. Daisy helping us in checking and examine our project before we submit it. Aside from that, we would like to thank all our friends as well that shared information with us. In addition, not forgetting our group members that contributed their time and energy to this assignment. All efforts and jobs done are genuinely appreciated. Lastly, we would like to express our gratitude to those who have given us the possibility to complete this assignment. This project let us learn a lot of things and we all strongly believe that the knowledge that we gain from this project will be very useful to us in future.

4

1.0 Introduction
If we were to spend one day in any organization to observe the employees, we can actually see how they behave and wide variety of behaviors. Some employees are definitely hard working and committed to their work and some may be taking their work less seriously and more care free. So, what actually influences the attitudes of each and every employee towards their work? We are very curious to find out the answer to the question. We can answer the questions through exploring and studying the topic employee motivation. This assignment plans to explore the effect of motivational variables on job satisfaction of employees. It explored what motivates employees in the workplace, and their levels of job satisfaction using those motivation theories. We will benefit from this assignment because it can enhance understanding of...

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