part of speech
function or "job"
action or state
(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must
EnglishClub is a web site. I likeEnglishClub.
thing or person
pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John
This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
describes a noun
a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting
I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I likebig dogs.
describes a verb, adjective or adverb
quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really
My dog eats quickly. When he is veryhungry, he eats reallyquickly. Pronoun
replaces a noun
I, you, he, she, some
Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.
links a noun to another word
to, at, after, on, but
We went to school onMonday.
joins clauses or sentences or words
and, but, when
I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats anddogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats. Interjection
short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence
oh!, ouch!, hi!, well
Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.
* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At EnglishClub, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are: Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:
Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)
Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives
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